1270

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1270 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1270
MCCLXX
Ab urbe condita 2023
Armenian calendar 719
ԹՎ ՉԺԹ
Assyrian calendar 6020
Balinese saka calendar 1191–1192
Bengali calendar 677
Berber calendar 2220
English Regnal year 54 Hen. 3 – 55 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1814
Burmese calendar 632
Byzantine calendar 6778–6779
Chinese calendar 己巳(Earth Snake)
3966 or 3906
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3967 or 3907
Coptic calendar 986–987
Discordian calendar 2436
Ethiopian calendar 1262–1263
Hebrew calendar 5030–5031
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1326–1327
 - Shaka Samvat 1191–1192
 - Kali Yuga 4370–4371
Holocene calendar 11270
Igbo calendar 270–271
Iranian calendar 648–649
Islamic calendar 668–669
Japanese calendar Bun'ei 7
(文永7年)
Javanese calendar 1180–1181
Julian calendar 1270
MCCLXX
Korean calendar 3603
Minguo calendar 642 before ROC
民前642年
Nanakshahi calendar −198
Thai solar calendar 1812–1813
Tibetan calendar 阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1396 or 1015 or 243
    — to —
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
1397 or 1016 or 244
The cathedral atop the Rock of Cashel in Ireland was completed in 1270.

Year 1270 (MCCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

Africa

The Eighth Crusade

Other events

Asia

  • In Korea, the Sambyeolcho Rebellion begins against the Goryeo Dynasty, a puppet government of the Mongol Empire.[5]
  • The ancient city of Ashkelon is captured from the Crusader States, and utterly destroyed by the Mamluk sultan Baibars, who goes so far as to fill in its important harbor, leaving the site desolate, and the city never to be rebuilt.[6]
  • The city of Tabriz, in present-day Iran, is made capital of the Mongol Ilkhanate Empire (approximate date).[7]
  • The independent state of Kutch is founded, in present-day India.[8]
  • A census of the Chinese city of Hangzhou establishes that some 186,330 families reside within it, not including visitors and soldiers (Historian Jacques Gernet argues that this means a population of over 1 million inhabitants, making Hangzhou the most populous city in the world).[9]

Europe


Births

possible

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Conte, Joseph J. (2008). The 14th and Final Crusade to the Middle East: Crusades from the 11th Century to the 21st Century. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. p. 14. ISBN 9781452055466.
  2. ^ of Beaulieu, Geoffrey; of Chartres, William (2013). Gaposchkin, M. Cecilia; Field, Sean L. (eds.). The Sanctity of Louis IX: Early Lives of Saint Louis by Geoffrey of Beaulieu and William of Chartres. Translated by Field, Larry F. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9780801469138.
  3. ^ Ross, Jeffrey Ian (2015). Religion and Violence: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict from Antiquity to the Present. London and New York: Routledge. p. 140. ISBN 9781317461098.
  4. ^ Halibo, Gidey Seyoum (2016). "Law, Religion and Pluralism in Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Complex Interaction". In Coertzen, Pieter; Green, M. Christian; Hansen, Len (eds.). Religious Freedom and Religious Pluralism in Africa: Prospects and Limitations. Stellenbosch, South Africa: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA. p. 397. ISBN 9781928357032.
  5. ^ Injae, Lee; Miller, Owen; Jinhoon, Park; Hyun-Hae, Yi (2014). Shin, Michael D. (ed.). Korean History in Maps. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9781107098466.
  6. ^ Avi-Yonah, Michael; Stern, Ephraim (1978). Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Volume I. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. p. 124. ISBN 9780132751155.
  7. ^ Pfeiffer, Judith (2014). Politics, Patronage and the Transmission of Knowledge in 13th - 15th Century Tabriz. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 305. ISBN 9789004262577.
  8. ^ "Welcome to Kutch". www.indianngos.com. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  9. ^ Chase-Dunn, Chris; Inoue, Hiroku; Anderson, E.N. (August 16, 2016). "The Growth of Hangzhou and the Geopolitical Context in East Asia". The Institute for Research on World-Systems Working Papers. 111.
  10. ^ Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Volume 2: F - O. Westport, CN, London: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 513. ISBN 9780313335389.
  11. ^ Brown, Stephen F.; Flores, Juan Carlos (2007). Historical Dictionary of Medieval Philosophy and Theology. Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movemenets. 76. Lanham, MA, Toronto, Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780810864535.
  12. ^ Perrier, Joseph Louis (1909). The Revival of Scholastic Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Columbia University Press.
  13. ^ Hutton, Charles (1815). A Philosophical and Mathematical Dictionary: Containing an Explanation of the Terms, and an Account of the Several Subjects, Comprised Under the Heads Mathematics, Astronomy, and Philosophy Both Natural and Experimental Also Memoirs of the Lives and Writing of the Eminent Authors, Both Ancient and Modern who by Their Discoveries or Improvements Have Contributed to the Advancement of Them. London: Rivington. p. 135.
  14. ^ Lanman, Charles Rockwell (1920). Harvard Oriental Series: Descriptive List Thereof, Revised to 1920: with a Brief Memorial of Its Joint-founder, Henry Clarke Warren. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 5.
  15. ^ Frank, Ben G. (2001) [1992]. A Travel Guide to Jewish Europe: A practical, anecdotal and adventurous journey through historic Jewish Europe, including kosher restaurants, cafes, synagogues and museums, plus cultural and heritage sites (Third ed.). Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing. p. 489. ISBN 9781455613298.
  16. ^ Brockman, Norbert (2011). Encyclopedia of Sacred Places. I: A - M (Second ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 460. ISBN 9781598846546.
  17. ^ Jamroziak, Emilia (2008). "Border Communities between Violence and Opportunities: Scotland and Pomerania Compared". In Unger, Richard (ed.). Britain and Poland-Lithuania: Contact and Comparison from the Middle Ages to 1795. The Northern World. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 134. ISBN 9789004166233.
  18. ^ Hiser, Patricia (2001). My Kind of Man: With the History of the Gwinn, O?Connor, Kincaid, Richardson, Hiser West Virginia Families and Other Associated Lines and the Avery Family of Maine. San Jose New York Lincoln Shanghai: iUniverse. p. 141. ISBN 9780595210008.
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  21. ^ Brundage, James A. (2008). The Medieval Origins of the Legal Profession: Canonists, Civilians, and Courts. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. p. 119. ISBN 9780226077611.
  22. ^ Wispelwey, Berend (2011). Biographical Index of the Middle Ages. Munich: K. G. Saur Verlag. p. 575. ISBN 9783110914160.
  23. ^ Taylor, Julia C. (1990). Female Suicide in Chinese Drama: Selected Plays from the Yuan Dynasty to the Cultural Revolution. Madison: University of Wisconsin. p. 40.
  24. ^ Sadarangani, Neeti M. (2004). Bhakti Poetry in Medieval India: Its Inception, Cultural Encounter and Impact. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. p. 43. ISBN 9788176254366.
  25. ^ Pearson, Stuart (2015). Great Scottish Heroes - Fifty Scots Who Shaped the World. London: John Blake Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 9781784186135.
  26. ^ Csepregi, Ildikó (2018). "Preface to the Text Recording Margaret's Miracles". In Csepregi, Ildikó; Klaniczay, Gábor; Péterfi, Bence (eds.). The Oldest Legend: Acts of the Canonization Process, and Miracles of Saint Margaret of Hungary. Central European Medieval Texts. Translated by Csepregi, Ildikó; Flanigan, Clifford; Perraud, Louis. Budapest, New York: Central European University Press. p. 31. ISBN 9789633862186.
  27. ^ Mews, Constant J. (2011). "The "Speculum dominarum" ("Miroir des dames") and Transformations of the Literature of Instruction for Women in the Early Fourteenth Century". In Green, Karen; Mews, Constant J. (eds.). Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500. The New Synthese Historical Library. Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 19. ISBN 9789400705296.
  28. ^ Lower, Michael (2018). The Tunis Crusade of 1270: A Mediterranean History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 165. ISBN 9780191061837.
  29. ^ Salagean, Tudor (2016). Transylvania in the Second Half of the Thirteenth Century: The Rise of the Congregational System. East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages 450 - 1450. 37. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 106. ISBN 9789004311343.
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  39. ^ Fairclough, John (2008). "Bigods at Walton Hall and their Succesors" (PDF). Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. 41 (4): 418.
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