1932

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1932 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1932
MCMXXXII
Ab urbe condita 2685
Armenian calendar 1381
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԱ
Assyrian calendar 6682
Bahá'í calendar 88–89
Balinese saka calendar 1853–1854
Bengali calendar 1339
Berber calendar 2882
British Regnal year 22 Geo. 5 – 23 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2476
Burmese calendar 1294
Byzantine calendar 7440–7441
Chinese calendar 辛未(Metal Goat)
4628 or 4568
    — to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
4629 or 4569
Coptic calendar 1648–1649
Discordian calendar 3098
Ethiopian calendar 1924–1925
Hebrew calendar 5692–5693
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1988–1989
 - Shaka Samvat 1853–1854
 - Kali Yuga 5032–5033
Holocene calendar 11932
Igbo calendar 932–933
Iranian calendar 1310–1311
Islamic calendar 1350–1351
Japanese calendar Shōwa 7
(昭和7年)
Javanese calendar 1862–1863
Juche calendar 21
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4265
Minguo calendar ROC 21
民國21年
Nanakshahi calendar 464
Thai solar calendar 2474–2475
Tibetan calendar 阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2058 or 1677 or 905
    — to —
阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
2059 or 1678 or 906

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

  • August – A farmers' revolt begins in the Midwestern United States.
  • August 1
  • August 2 – The first positron is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • August 5 – Hitler meets with Schleicher and reneges on the "gentlemen's agreement", demanding that he be appointed Chancellor.[7] Schleicher agrees to support Hitler as Chancellor provided that he can remain minister of defense.[8] Schleicher sets up a meeting between Hindenburg and Hitler on for August 13 to discuss Hitler's possible appointment as chancellor.
  • August 6
  • August 7 – Raymond Edward Welch becomes the first one legged man to scale the 6,288 ft. Mount Washington (New Hampshire).
  • August 9
    • The Papen government in Germany, which likes to take a tough "law and order" stance, passes via Article 48 a law prescribing the death penalty for a variety of offenses and with the court system simplified so that the courts can hand down as many death sentences as possible.[9]
    • Potempa Murder of 1932: In the German town of Potempa, five Nazi "Brownshirts" break into the house of Konrad Pietrzuch, a Communist miner, and proceed to castrate and beat him to death in front of his mother.[10] The case attracts much media attention in Germany and results in convictions and death sentences. However, the Nazis celebrated the murderers, and they were released from jail in 1933 after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.[11]
  • August 10 – A 5.1 kg chondrite-type meteorite breaks into fragments and strikes earth near the town of Archie, Missouri.
  • August 11 – To celebrate Constitution Day in Germany, Chancellor Franz von Papen and his interior minister Baron Wilhelm von Gayl present proposed amendments to the Weimar constitution for a "New State" to deal with the problems besetting Germany.[12]
  • August 13 – Hitler meets President von Hindenburg and asks to be appointed as Chancellor.[13] Hindenburg refuses under the grounds that Hitler is not qualified to be Chancellor and asks him instead to serve as Vice-Chancellor in Papen's government.[12] Hitler announces his "all or nothing" strategy in which he will oppose any government not headed by himself and will accept no office other than Chancellor.
  • August 18Auguste Piccard reaches an altitude of 16,197 m (53,140 ft) with a hot air balloon.
  • August 1819 – Scottish aviator Jim Mollison becomes the first pilot to make an East-to-West solo transatlantic flight, from Portmarnock, County Dublin, Ireland to RCAF Station Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick, Canada, in his de Havilland Puss Moth biplane The Heart's Content.[14]
  • August 20 – The Ottawa conference ends with the adoption of Imperial Preference tariff, turning the British Empire into one economic zone with a series of tariffs meant to exclude non-empire states from competing within the markets of Britain; the Dominions; and the rest of the empire.
  • August 22 – The five SA men involved in the torture and murder of Konrad Pietrzuch are quickly convicted and sentenced to death under the new law introduced by the Papen government.[9] The Potempa case becomes a cause célèbre in Germany with the Nazis demonstrating for amnesty for the "Potempa five" under the grounds they were justified in killing the Communist Pietrzuch. Hitler sends a telegram congratulating the "Potempa five".[9] Many Germans argue that the "Potempa five" are patriotic heroes who should not be executed while others maintain the death sentences are appropriate given the brutality of the torture and murder.
  • August 23 – The Panama Civil Aviation Authority is established.
  • August 30Hermann Göring is elected as Speaker of the German Reichstag.
  • August 31 – A total solar eclipse is visible from northern Canada through northeastern Vermont, New Hampshire, southwestern Maine and the Capes of Massachusetts.

September

October

November

The Cipher Bureau breaks the German Enigma cipher and overcomes the ever-growing structural and operating complexities of the evolving Enigma with plugboard, the main German cipher device during World War II.

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Sirikit, Queen mother of Thailand

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January – June

July – December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ a b Feuchtwanger, Edgar (1993). From Weimar to Hitler. Basingstoke: Macmillan. pp. 270–9. ISBN 0333274660.
  2. ^ a b c d e Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  3. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan, 1967. p. 250.
  4. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 253.
  5. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, pp. 368–69.
  6. ^ "Mars – the chocolate planet". Slough History Online. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
  7. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 257.
  8. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 371.
  9. ^ a b c d Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  10. ^ Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 381; ISBN 0-393-04671-0
  11. ^ Burleigh, Michael The Third Reich: A New History New York: Hill & Wang, 2000. p. 159; ISBN 0-8090-9325-1
  12. ^ a b Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 372.
  13. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 373.
  14. ^ "Mollison's Atlantic Flight". Flight. 24 (35): 795–8. August 26, 1932. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "New York City Transit – History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  16. ^ "Youssef Bey Karam". Ehden Family Tree.
  17. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 25.
  18. ^ a b Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 26.
  19. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, pp. 27–28.
  20. ^ Lesch, J. E. (2007). "Prontosil". The First Miracle Drugs: How the Sulfa Drugs Transformed Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 51–61. ISBN 978-0-19-518775-5.
  21. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 375–376. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  22. ^ 1959 Encyclopedia Americana.
  23. ^ US unemployment statistics, historyhome.co.uk; accessed December 10, 2014.
  24. ^ "FRANCISCO S. CARVAJAL" (in Spanish). Presidency de la Republica de Mexico. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  25. ^ Nicolae Titulescu (1994). Romania's foreign policy: 1937. Encyclopaedic Publishing House. p. 305. ISBN 978-973-45-0092-5.

External links

  • The 1930s Timeline: 1932 – from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia
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