Autocephaly of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Patriarch Bartholomew signing the tomos. Metropolitan Epiphanius of Kiev (wearing a white klobuk) stands behind him.

On 5 January 2019, Bartholomew I, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, signed the tomos that officially recognized and established the newly formed Orthodox Church of Ukraine and granted it autocephaly (self-governorship). The events immediately leading to the grant of autocephaly were:

Background

The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople claims to be the foremost leader and international representative of the Eastern Orthodox Church.[2] The church is geographically divided into several largely independent local churches, each with its own leader (Patriarch, Archbishop, or Metropolitan).

Shortly after Ukraine gained its independence from the USSR, some of its presidents asked the Ecumenical Patriarchate to give Ukraine a church distinct from the Moscow Patriarchate.[3]

Three Orthodox churches in Ukraine

At the end of the 20th century, three Orthodox jurisdictions existed in Ukraine:

The UAOC and the UOC-KP were not recognized by other Orthodox churches and were considered schismatic.[12] ROC officials stated that the anathematization of Filaret was "recognized by all the Local Orthodox Churches including the Church of Constantinople".[13][14][5][6] The synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate did indeed recognize, in a July 1992 letter to Patriarch Alexy II, the defrocking of Filaret by the ROC,[15][16][7] and the Ecumenical Patriarch recognized the anathematization of Filaret in a letter of April 1997 to Patriarch Alexy II.[16]

On 11 October 2018, the excommunications of the UAOC and the UOC-KP were lifted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate,[17] however the Ecumenical Patriarchate recognized neither the UAOC nor the UOC-KP as legitimate and their leaders were not recognized as primates of their respective churches.[18][19] As of 15 December 2018, the UAOC and the UOC-KP do not exist anymore and have merged with some members of the UOC-MP to form the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. The UOC-MP still exists. The UOC-MP has 12,064 active parishes, the UOC-KP had 4,807, and the UAOC had 1,048.[20]

Ecumenical Patriarchate and the ecclesiastical situation in Ukraine

In April 2014, the Ecumenical Patriarch talked about the ecclesiastical problems in Ukraine during his Palm Sunday sermon and said "[t]he Ecumenical Patriarchate recognizes the difficult challenges facing the blessed Ukrainian people today".[21][22][23] In February 2015, the Primate of the Canadian Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Metropolitan Yuri (Kalishchuk), during a round table in the Ukrinform agency,[24] declared that "[t]he Patriarchy [of Constantinople] is watching the situation in Ukraine and considers the ideal solution to get the unified Orthodoxy" and "will work on uniting Orthodoxy in Ukraine". He added that the "Constantinople Patriarchate is waiting for the request and guidance from the Ukrainian Orthodox jurisdictions here, but first of all it is waiting for astep from the President of Ukraine".[25][26]

On 6 June 2015, the UAOC requested to the Ecumenical Patriarchate to receive "[the] Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church to the Ecumenical Patriarchate as a metropoliswith [sic] the rights of self-governance".[27] On 24 June, "the Holy Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), held on 24 June in Kyiv [Kiev]" issued a statement about the presence "of two bishops of the Constantinople Patriarchate in Ukraine [Bishop Daniel of Pamphilon (ru) and Bishop Ilarion] and their meeting with Ukrainian clergy". "Bishops of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) "expressed concern" about [Bishop Daniel of Pamphilon and Bishop Ilarion's] activities in the "canonical territory" of the UOC (MP) without consent of the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)."[28] On 27 June, the UOC-KP, after its Holy Synod the same day, decided to plan to ask the Ecumenical Patriarch to recognize its autocephalous status.[29]

On 2 February 2016, the Patriarch of Moscow officially declared that "it is important that there is already a common understanding of the need for consensus among all the Churches, excluding any unilateral actions in granting autocephaly."[30] The same day he warned that "the unilateral recognition of the schism [in Ukraine] will unavoidably have [catastrophic consequences] for the unity of the Orthodox Church[.]"; on this occasion, the Ecumenical Patriarch declared: "We all recognize that Metropolitan Onufry is the only canonical head of Orthodoxy in Ukraine."[31]

In June 2016, the 2016 Pan-Orthodox Council was held in Crete. However, a few days before it began, the Russian Orthodox Church refused to participate. Previously the Orthodox churches of Georgia, Bulgaria, and Antioch had also refused to participate. One of the issues cited was the method of proclaiming the autonomy of the Orthodox churches. On 16 June, Ukraine's parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, asked Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople for autocephaly for the Orthodox Church of Ukraine and thus independence from the Russian Orthodox Church. On 11 June, before the adoption of the resolution by the Rada, the Moscow Patriarchate sharply criticized the appeal of the deputies.[32] However, the council in Crete did not consider and did not officially comment on the Ukrainian question.[33][34]

On 15 December 2017, Filaret in Kiev met with personal representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople: Bishop Daniel (UOC of USA) (ru) and Bishop Hilarion (UOC of Canada) and discussed with them issues "of mutual interest".[35][36]

Process of granting autocephaly to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine

June 2016 request of autocephaly

On 16 June 2016, the Ukrainian parliament successfully voted a resolution to appeal to the Ecumenical Patriarch to: "to recognize invalid the act in 1686 as the one adopted in violation of the sacred canons of the Orthodox Church", "to take an active part in overcoming the church schism by convening Ukrainian unification council under the auspices of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, which would solve all controversial issues and unite the Ukrainian Orthodox Church", and to grant autocephaly to the Orthodox church in Ukraine.[37][38][39][40][41] On the same day, the Russian Orthodox Church protested fiercely against this resolution.[42] On 19 July, the Ecumenical Patriarchate said it would create a synodal commission to "examine" the Ukrainian parliament's request to grant autocephaly to Ukraine.[43][44] On 1 August 2016, Archbishop Job of the Ecumenical Patriarchate declared in an interview given to the Religion Information Service of Ukraine that "Constantinople has always believed that the territory of Ukraine is the canonical territory of the Church of Constantinople."[45]

April 2018 request of autocephaly

Meeting of Poroshenko with the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, 9 April 2018

On 9 April 2018, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko had a meeting in Istanbul with the Ecumenical Patriarch during which Poroshenko "noted the importance of the introduction of a Single Local Orthodox Church in Ukraine aspired by the Ukrainian people".[46] At that time, an article published on the pro-Moscow anonymous website Union of Orthodox Journalists[47] declared that no relevant progress concerning the question of a local Orthodox church for Ukraine had been made.[48]

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and Filaret, 16 April 2018

On 17 April, Ukrainian President Poroshenko met in Turkey with the Ecumenical Patriarch and made an appeal, supported by various Ukrainian MPs,[49][50][51] for the granting of autocephaly to Ukraine;[52][53][54] both parties reached an agreement after a 7-hour long negotiation.[55] The full appeal was later published on the official website of the president of Ukraine.[49] The UOC-KP and the UAOC also sent a similar appeal to the Ecumenical Patriarchate in what Poroshenko described as "a rare united move of the two churches [the UOC-KP and the UAOC]".[55][56] On 18 April, the draft resolution on the support of Poroshenko's appeal was submitted to the Ukrainian parliament, and on 19 April it was adopted.[57][58] The text of the appeal of the Ukrainian parliament was longer and contained more arguments in favor of Ukraine's autocephaly compared to Poroshenko's appeal.[59] On 20 April, the official request to issue a Tomos of Autocephaly was delivered to the Ecumenical Patriarchate.[60] On the same day, 20 April, the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate "voted to proceed with taking the necessary steps for granting autocephaly to the Orthodox Christians of Ukraine".[61] On 22 April, the Ecumenical Patriarchate issued an official communiqué declaring that the synod had "examined matters pertaining to the ecclesiastical situation in Ukraine, as done in previous synodal sessions, and having received from ecclesiastical and civil authorities [...] a petition that requests the bestowal of autocephaly, decided to closely communicate and coordinate with its sister Orthodox Churches concerning this matter."[62][63] The same day, President Poroshenko declared on his official Facebook page that "the Ecumenical Patriarchate had commenced the procedures necessary for granting autocephaly to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church."[64][65]

On 23 June 2018, a delegation of the UOC-MP held talks with Patriarch Bartholomew and other members of the hierarchy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.[66][67] The negotiations ended up with neither signed documents nor a joint statement.[68] The goal of these talks were, according to the UOC-MP, "for the purpose of obtaining reliable information from Patriarch Bartholomew himself regarding initiatives for the possible granting of a Tomos for Autocephaly, as well as for the purpose of communicating the position of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church on this issue. The hierarchs also informed the patriarch about the current situation of church life in Ukraine."[69]

On 25 June, the UOC-MP declared it had "heard the message" of Metropolitan Onufry and the permanent members of the Holy Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church on the meeting that took place on 23 June in Istanbul between the delegation of the UOC-MP and the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and members of the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Therefore the hierarchs of the UOC-MP adopted a joint statement in which they "expressed their vision for the further development of the mission of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Ukrainian society".[70] The statement concludes that "[t]he current canonical status is quite sufficient for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church to fruitfully carry out its mission among the people of Ukraine".[71][72][73]

On 31 August 2018, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew met with Patriarch Kirill of Moscow to discuss Ukrainian autocephaly, informing him that they "are implementing already this decision" to grant autocephaly.[74]

On 1 September, in Istanbul, a Synaxis of Hierarchs of the Ecumenical Throne began. Patriarch Bartholomew delivered the keynote address to over 100 Hierarchs of the Throne, stating, among other things: "the origin of difficulties and reactions in Ukraine are neither a recent phenomenon nor something created by the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Already from the early 14th century, when the See of the Kievan Metropolis was moved without the canonical permission of the Mother Church to Moscow, there have been tireless efforts on the part of our Kievan brothers for independence from ecclesiastical control by the Moscow center. [...] The Tome proclaiming Moscow as a Patriarchate does not include the region of today's Metropolis of Kiev in the jurisdiction of Moscow. Moreover, [...] the canonical dependence of Kiev to the Mother Church of Constantinople remained constant and uninterrupted. [...] [S]ince Russia, as the one responsible for the current painful situation in Ukraine, is unable to solve the problem, the Ecumenical Patriarchate assumed the initiative of resolving the problem in accordance with the authority afforded to it by the Sacred Canons and the jurisdictional responsibility over the eparchy of Kiev, receiving a request to this end by the honorable Ukrainian Government, as well as recurring requests by "Patriarch" Philaret of Kiev appealing for our adjudication of his case."[75][76]

Ecumenical Patriarch's legates in Ukraine and reactions of the Russian Orthodox Church

Daniel (Zelinsky) of Pamphilon

On 7 September, the Patriarch of Constantinople announced, on the official websites of the Ecumenical Patriarch Permanent Delegation to the World Council of Churches as well as on the official website of the Ecumentical Patriarchate, that he had appointed Archbishop Daniel (Zelinsky) of Pamphilon (ru) and Bishop Hilarion (Rudnyk) as his exarchs and legates in Ukraine.[77][78] Those appointments were, according to the official announcement on the official website of the Ecumentical Patriarchate, "[w]ithin the framework of the preparations for the granting of autocephaly to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine".[78] Daniel of Pamphlion and Hilarion had already been sent by the Ecumenical Patriarchate to Ukraine in 2015 which at the time led to an official protest by the UOC-MP.[28]

Hilarion (Rudnyk)

The same day, the chairman of the Moscow Patriarchate's Department for External Church Relations, Metropolitan Hilarion, gave an interview to Russia 24 TV channel about the appointment of the two exarchs.[79] In this interview, Hilarion issued his warning that the Russian Orthodox Church will "have no other choice but to break the communion" with the Ecumenical Patriarch if autocephaly is granted to Ukraine. This interview was entirely published on the Moscow Patriarchate's Department for External Church Relations's official website in English the same day.[80]

On 8 September, the synod of the Russian Orthodox Church expressed its "resolute protest against and deep indignation at" the report published a day prior on the appointment of the two hierarchs of the Ecumenical Patriarchate as exarchs of the Patriarchate for Kiev.[81] The same day, on a social network, Vladimir Legoyda, head of the Synodal Department for Church, Society and Media Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church, commented on the topic and stated that "[t]he appointment by the Patriarch of Constantinople of his episcopal representatives in Ukraine, without agreement with the Patriarch of Moscow [...] and His Beatitude [the] Metropolitan of Kiev [...], is [...] an unprecedentedly gross incursion into the Moscow Patriarchate's canonical territory[.] [...] These actions cannot be left unanswered".[82][83] The same day, the UOC-MP published an official declaration on its website which states: "[T]he appointment of the two Exarchs is a gross violation of the canonical territory of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. The decision made by the Constantinopolitan Patriarchate contradicts the 2nd Canon of the Second Ecumenical Council (Constantinople), namely that, without being invited, "Bishops must not leave their own diocese and go over to churches beyond its boundaries"."[84]

September 2018: Russian Orthodox synod's "retaliatory measures" and the aftermath

On 14 September 2018, in response to the appointment of those two exarchs, the Russian Orthodox Church decided to hold "an extraordinary session" to take "retaliatory measures after the appointment by the Patriarchate of Constantinople of its "exarchs" to Kiev following up the decision of this Church's Synod "to grant autocephalous status to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine."" The synod of the Russian Orthodox Church decided:[85][86]

1. To suspend the liturgical prayerful commemoration of Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople.

2. To suspend concelebration with hierarchs of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

3. To suspend the participation of the Russian Orthodox Church in all Episcopal Assemblies, theological dialogues, multilateral commissions and other structures chaired or co-chaired by representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

4. To adopt a statement of the Holy Synod concerning the uncanonical actions of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in Ukraine.

A statement was released the same day explaining the situation and the sanctions taken to protest against the Ecumenical Patriarch's behavior.[87][88] On the same day, Metropolitan Hilarion clarified the situation in an interview published on the official website of the Moscow Patriarchate's Department for External Church Relations. In the interview, Hilarion stated:[89]

"[S]uspended will be the [...] participation in all the structures chaired or co-chaired by representatives of Constantinople. [...] The suspension includes bishop's assemblies in the countries of the so-called diaspora and the theological dialogue[.] [...] The decision of the Holy Synod to suspend the liturgical mention of the Patriarch of Constantinople's name during the liturgy and the fact that we suspend con-celebration with hierarchs of the Patriarchate of Constantinople does not imply a full breaking-off of the Eucharistic communion. The lay people who come to Mount Athos or find themselves in churches of the Patriarchate of Constantinople can take communion in them. But we refuse to concelebrate with hierarchs of the Patriarchate of Constantinople since every time they mention the name of their Patriarch during the liturgy while we have suspended it. [...] We do not think, of course, that all this will finally shut the door for dialogue, but our today's decision is a signal to the Patriarchate of Constantinople that if the actions of this kind continue, we will have to break the Eucharistic communion entirely. [...] [A]fter the breaking-off of the Eucharistic communion, at least a half of this 300-million-strong population will no longer recognize him as even the first among equals."

On 23 September 2018 Patriarch Bartholomew, during a Divine Liturgy he was celebrating in the Saint Fokas Orthodox Church declared that he "had sent a message that Ukraine would receive autocephaly as soon as possible, since it is entitled to it"[90][91]

11 October 2018 communiqué of the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate

On 11 October 2018, after a regular synod, the Patriarchate of Constantinople renewed an earlier decision to move towards granting autocephaly to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.[92][1][20] The synod also withdrew Constantinople's 332-years-old qualified acceptance of the Russian Orthodox Church's canonical jurisdiction over the Ukrainian Church contained in a letter of 1686.[1][20] The synod also lifted the excommunication of Patriarch Filaret of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate (UOC-KP) and Metropolitan Makariy of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC), and both bishops were "canonically reinstated to their hierarchical or priestly rank, and their faithful [...] restored to communion with the Church".[93][17][94]

On the evening of 11 October, the day of the declaration of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Ukraine's president Poroshenko enthusiastically welcomed Constantinople's move,[95] which Poroshenko, prematurely and therefore erroneously, described as the granting of a Tomos of autocephaly (a formal decree of church independence) to the Ukrainian Church.[20] He presented Ukrainian Church independence as part of Ukraine's wider conflict with Russia that involves Russia's 2014 annexation of the Crimea, Russia's military intervention in Ukraine, and Ukraine's desire to integrate with the West by joining the European Union and NATO (which is a perception broadly shared by both sides in the dispute).[96][97][98]

On 12 October 2018, the day after the Ecumenical Patriarch's decision, according to the Kremlin website, Russian President Vladimir Putin "held an operational meeting with the permanent members of the Security Council" (the Security Council of Russia) that "discussed issues of the domestic Russian socio-economic agenda and international issues".[99] Ukraine's Euromaidan Press described this as Putin convening "an extraordinary meeting of the National Security and Defense Council, where the "situation of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine" was "discussed", and it added that "This is a revealing slip of the tongue, since to assuage Ukrainians, the UOC MP has been insisting it is independent of Moscow and in no way the "Russian Church in Ukraine.""[20] Similar accounts were given by Russia's Sputnik News and by the Religious Information Service of Ukraine, quoting Interfax-religion, Putin's press secretary Dmitry Peskov, and the Kremlin website.[100][101]

On 12 October 2018, the UOC-KP declared in a communiqué that this decision from the Ecumenical Patriarchate had restored the canonical recognition of the episcopate and clergy of the Kiev Patriarchate.[102][103] However, it was later clarified that Filaret was considered by the Ecumenical Patriarchate only as "the former metropolitan of Kiev",[104][105][106][107] and Makariy as "the former Archbishop of Lviv"[105][106][107] and, on 2 November 2018, that the Ecumenical Patriarchate did not recognize either the UAOC nor the UOC-KP as legitimate and that their respective leaders were not recognized as primates of their churches.[18][19] However, the Ecumenical Patriarchate declared that it recognized the sacraments performed by the UOC-KP and the UAOC as valid.[108][109] The synod was viewed as a key step towards those two organizations merging into a single church independent from Moscow.[94] The Russian Orthodox Church is linked to 12,000 parishes in Ukraine while the Kiev Patriarchate and UAOC control about 6,000; however, it is believed that many of the Russian-controlled Ukrainian parishes may defect to the Kiev organizations.[110][111]

Break of communion by the Russian Orthodox Church

On 15 October 2018, the Russian Orthodox Church broke communion with the Patriarchate of Constantinople because of the Ecumenical Patriarchate's 11 October 2018 decision.

Bartholomew I of Constantinople with Ukrainian President Poroshenko, signing the cooperation agreement, 3 November 2018

In an interview given to the BBC on 2 November 2018, Archbishop Job, hierarch of the Church of Constantinople, explained that since the Ecumenical Patriarchate abolished the decision of the 1686 letter on 11 October 2018, the UOC-MP canonically ceased to exist in Ukraine on 11 October 2018.[112][19] He added that canonically there could be only one church on the territory of Ukraine and that therefore an exarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine was "simply uncanonical" and that in Ukraine "there can be no repetition of Estonia's scenario".[113][18][19] He also explained that the Ecumenical Patriarchate's decision was urged by the reaction of the Ukrainian Orthodox faithful, who wanted to stay Orthodox but did not want to be part of the UOC-MP, following the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the war in the Donbass.[114][18]

On 3 November 2018, Ukrainian President Poroshenko, during a visit to Turkey, signed a cooperation agreement with the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew.[115] According to Poroshenko, this agreement "creates all the conditions for the preparation process for a unification assembly and the process of providing a tomos to be brought into clear correspondence with the canons of the Orthodox Church".[116] This agreement led to protests by hierarchs of the UOC-MP and the ROC.[117][118][119] The exact text of the agreement is unknown.

29 November 2018 communiqué of the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate

The regular November session of the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate started on 27 November and ended on 29 November, lasting three days.[120][121][122]

On 27 November the Ecumenical Patriarchate decided unanimously to dissolve its exarchate of the Archdiocese of Russian Orthodox churches in Western Europe (AROCWE).[123][124]

The communiqué says the Ecumenical Patriarchate "decided to revoke the patriarchal tomos of 1999 by which it granted pastoral care and administration of orthodox parishes of Russian tradition in Western Europe to His Archbishop-Exarch. [...] Today's decision aims to further strengthen the link of Russian tradition parishes with the mother church of the patriarchate of Constantinople. [...] It is by pastoral concern that the ecumenical patriarchate has decided to integrate and connect parishes to the various holy Metropolises of the ecumenical patriarchate in the countries where they are located. Our Mother Church will continue to ensure and guarantee the preservation of their liturgical and spiritual tradition."[125][126]

On 29 November, the synod ended.[127] Some like the Religious Information Service of Ukraine had expected the Ecumenical Patriarchate to give the date of the unification council of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine.[128] However, no date was given.

After the end of its synod, the Ecumenical Patriarchate later released, on its official website, an official communiqué. In said communiqué, the Ecumenical Patriarchate announced: 1) that the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate had decided to dissolve the AROCWE, "thereby entrusting its faithful to the Hierarchs of the Ecumenical Throne in Europe", 2) that, in anticipation of the granting of the Tomos of autocephaly to the Orthodox church of Ukraine, the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate had "drafted the Ukrainian Church’s Constitutional Charter".[122] On the same day, President Poroshenko said in an official speech to the Ukrainian nation that the date for the unification council for the Ukrainian church would be announced "soon" by the Ecumenical Patriarch.[129][130][131]

Unification council

On 15 December 2018, members of the existing Ukrainian Orthodox churches (the UOC-KP, the UAOC and parts of the UOC-MP) voted through their representatives (bishops) to unite into the Orthodox Church of Ukraine on the basis of complete canonical independence. They elected their primate and adopted a charter for the Orthodox Church of Ukraine.[132][133][134]

Formation of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine and election of Metropolitan Epiphany

Metropolitan Epiphany and Ukrainian President Poroshenko shaking hands after the unification council
Newly elected Metropolitan Epiphanius of Kiev and all Ukraine

Metropolitan Epiphany of the UOC-KP, who had been chosen on 13 December by the UOC-KP as its only candidate for the unification council between the UOC-KP, the UAOC and the UOC-MP, and was considered as Filaret's right arm,[135] was elected Metropolitan of Ukraine by the unification council on 15 December 2018 after the second round of voting.[136][137] The unification council also adopted a charter for the newly formed church (Orthodox Church of Ukraine).[132][133][134]

In his speech to the faithful after the election, Metropolitan Epiphany thanked President Poroshenko, the Ecumenical Patriarch, Makariy, and the Ukrainian Parliament, as well as Filaret. On Filaret, Epiphany said: "I want to express my gratitude to His Holiness, His Holiness Patriarch Filaret, who is our spiritual mentor and will continue to be honored, helping us, for a lifetime, to jointly build our Single Local Orthodox Church. Thank you, Your Holiness."[138] Epiphany added the doors of his church were "open to everyone".[139][138]

Epiphany later precised that no weighty decision would be taken by his church as long as he had not received the church's tomos.[140][141] The Ecumenical Patriarch congratulated and blessed the newly elected Metropolitan on the day of his election and said the newly elected primate was invited to come to Istanbul to celebrate a Liturgy with the Ecumenical Patriarch and receive the Orthodox Church of Ukraine's tomos on 6 January 2019.[142][143][144]

Poroshenko also made a speech after Epiphany's election, in which he said the autocephalous church would be "without Putin, without Kirill", but "with God and with Ukraine".[135][145] He added autocephaly was "part of our state pro-European and pro-Ukrainian strategy".[145] Poroshenko also confirmed his plan to go to Istanbul with the now elected primate of the autocephalous Ukrainian church, on 6 January 2019, to be present when said primate will receive the church's tomos.[146]

On 1 January 2019, Patriarch Bartholomew confirmed his intention to grant the tomos of autocephaly to Metropolitan Epiphany on 6 January 2019, the day of Christmas Eve according to the old Julian Calendar.[147]

Tomos of autocephaly

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew (left) handing the tomos of autocephaly to Metropolitan Epiphanius (right)

On 5 January 2019, Patriarch Bartholomew and Metropolitan Epiphanius celebrated a Divine Liturgy in St. George's Cathedral in Istanbul; the tomos was signed thereafter, also in St. George's Cathedral.[148]

The tomos "has come into force from the moment of its signing".[148][149] The signing of the tomos officially established the autocephalous Orthodox Church of Ukraine.[150] President Poroshenko traveled to Istanbul to attend the signing ceremony.[151][152][153]

After the tomos was signed, Patriarch Batholomew made an address to Metropolitan Epiphanius.[154] President Poroshenko[155] and Metropolitan Epiphanius also made speeches.[156] On 6 January, after a Liturgy celebrated by Metropolitan Epiphanius and Patriarch Bartholomew, Partriarch Bartholomew read the tomos of the OCU and then gave it to Metropolitan Epiphanius.[149][157] President Poroshenko was present during the signing and handing over of the tomos.[151][158][159]

On 6 January 2019, Daniel (Zelinsky) of Pamphilon declared his mission in Ukraine as an exarch of the Ecumenical Patriarchate was "the complete proclamation of the tomos and at the same time the unification council. So I'm coming back to my flock in the United States in literally a day."[160]

On 8 January 2019, the tomos was brought back to Istanbul so that all the members of the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate could sign the tomos.[161] The tomos was signed by all members of the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on 9 January 2018.[162][163][164][165] The representative of the press service of the OCU, priest Ivan Sydor, said the tomos was valid after the signature of the Ecumenical Patriarch, "but according to the procedure, there must also be the signatures of those bishops who take part in the synod of the Constantinople Patriarchate."[164] Former press secretary of the UOC-KP, Eustratius (Zorya) (uk), declared the Ecumenical Patriarch recognized the OCU by signing the tomos of autocephaly and by concelebrating the liturgy with Epiphanius while considering Epiphanius as primate of the OCU.[166][161] The Ecumenical Patriarchate declared on 8 January 2018 that the tomos was "approved and valid" and that the signing by the whole synod was a "purely technical step" and that "the validity of the tomos as an act of granting autocephaly is not in any way affected". It added that Ukraine had asked for the tomos to be brought to Ukraine for Christmas instead of leaving it in Istanbul for a few days until the whole synod signed it.[161]

The tomos, signed by all members of the synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, was brought back to Ukraine on the morning of 10 January 2019.[167][168][169][170]

The tomos was made on a parchment by a famous painter and calligrapher of Mount Athos, hieromonk Lucas from the monastery of Xenophontos.[171]

Events in Ukraine

Transfer of St Andrew's church

St Andrew's Church, Kiev

On 18 October 2018, the Ukrainian parliament gave approval to give permanent use of the St Andrew's Church in Kiev to the Patriarch of Constantinople for him to hold "worships, religious ceremonies and processions"[172] in the said church, provided that St Andrew's church is also used as a museum and still belongs to the Ukrainian state.[173][174][175][176] St Andrew's church will also serve, according to an official, as the Ecumenical Patriarchate's embassy in Ukraine.[177] St Andrew's church previous owner was the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church which accepted the transfer.[178] The parliament had to vote on this decision because the church is part of a national heritage site owned by the state.[179][180] The goal of this vote was, according to the KyivPost, to "speed up the receipt of a tomos (ordinance) – [the] recognition of a local Orthodox church in Ukraine by the global Orthodoxy".[174] Iryna Lutsenko, the representative of the Ukrainian president in parliament, declared the goal of this action was to make a "sign of solidarity with this process [of Ukraine receiving a tomos]" as well as "a symbolic gesture of unity with the Mother-Church [Constantinople]".[172] However, on the same day the Opposition Bloc introduced a motion to repeal the transfer, which meant that the Ukrainian President would not be able to sign the motion to transfer the St Andrew's church until the motion of repeal is reviewed by the Ukrainian parliament.[181] Finally, President Poroshenko signed the law of transfer on 7 November 2018[182][173][183][184][185] and the law took effect on 10 November 2018.[182][173][186][187] On 28 November 2018, in conformity with the law on religious organizations, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the transfer of the St Andrew's church to the Ecumenical Patriarchate's permanent use.[188]

On the morning of 15 November, four unknown people threw Molotov cocktails at the St Andrew's church (but they didn't explode) and attacked the priest with a spray.[189][190][191] On 27 November one of the suspects was arrested.[192]

The first liturgy presided over by members of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in this church took place on 13 December 2018.[193][194] This liturgy, at which hierarchs of the Ecumenical Patriarchate presided, was condemned by the UOC-MP.[195][196] On 7 January 2019, bishop Hilarion (Rudnyk) of the Ecumenical Patriarchate celebrated the Christmas liturgy in St. Andrew's church.[197]

Cancellation of the transfer of the Pochayiv Lavra

On 16 November 2018 Ukrinform reported that the Ukrainian Culture Ministry had challenged the legality of the transfer of the Pochayiv Lavra, located in the Ternopil Oblast, to the UOC-MP. The Pochayiv Lavra is a historic site of Ukraine.[198] Only in 2018, the local deputy of the Pochaev city council found out that Yanukovych’s 2003 order on the transfer of the Lavra until 2052 to the UOC-MP (№ 438)[199] was carried out in an unknown way. The police of the Ternopil region opened proceedings in this case.[200] Should the illegality of the transfer be established, the transfer would be cancelled.[201] On 23 November 2018, the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice cancelled the transfer of the Pochayiv Lavra to the UOC-MP.[202][203][204] On the next day, the UOC-MP monks of the Pochayiv Lavra clarified that "the commission of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, in response to the complaint from the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, has cancelled the registration of the contract for the right to use the Assumption Cathedral, the Trinity Cathedral, monastic cells, the bell tower, the bishop's house and the Holy Gates."[205][206] On 28 November, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the return of the Pochayiv Lavra to the Kremenets-Pochaev State Historical and Architectural Reserve by cancelling the 2003 transfer law which gave the use of the lavra to the UOC-MP and excluded the lavra from the Pochayiv Lavra to the Kremenets-Pochaev State Historical and Architectural Reserve.[207][208][209][210]

Kerch Strait incident

On 27 November Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) Andriy Parubiy announced that the martial law declared in some regions of Ukraine would not delay the receiving of the tomos of autocephaly (independence) and that, if anything, martial law was going to speed up the process of Ukraine receiving its tomos.[211][212][213][214] On 28 November 2018 Ukrainian President Poroshenko declared that the Kerch Strait incident was provoked by Russia in order to force Ukraine to declare martial law and therefore to prevent Ukraine from receiving its tomos of autocephaly.[215][216]

Laws on the churches' names and transfers

On 15 December, Filaret requested parliament speaker Andriy Parubiy that the laws 5309 and 4128 be voted in parliament.[217]

It was expected that on 20 December 2018, the Ukrainian Parliament was going vote a law to force the UOC-MP to change its name (law n. 5309[218]).[219][220] This law concerns the name of religious organizations (associations) that are part of a religious organization (association) whose governing center is outside the borders of Ukraine, in a state which, according to the Law of Ukraine, is recognized as carrying out military aggression against Ukraine and/or temporarily occupying part of the territory of Ukraine.[218] In October 2018, the press secretary of the UOC-KP had already called the Ukrainian Parliament to pass this law.[221] On 19 December 2018, Filaret declared himself in favor of this law.[222] On 20 December, the law was successfully voted,[223] while members of the UOC-MP were holding a protest outside the parliament.[224] Soon after the law was passed, a brawl erupted in the parliament between the deputies.[225][226][227] On 20 December, the UOC-MP called the Ukrainian President to veto the law.[228] The next day, Epiphany, primate of the OCU, declared his support for this law.[229] On 22 December, President Poroshenko signed the law and said that those changes in the law created "better conditions" for the exercise of freedom of choice of religion "for those who decide which Orthodox jurisdiction to belong to ... Either to the newly created autocephalous Orthodox Church of Ukraine, or to the church that insists on maintaining its connection and dependence on ROC"[230] On 25 December, the UOC-MP said it would appeal to Constitutional Court to invalidate the law 5309.[231][232][233]

The law 5309 became effective on 27 December 2018. "From now on, the state body for religious affairs – the Department of Religions and Nationalities – must conduct a religious expert examination that determines which religious organizations are subject to this provision. The results of the examination will be published in the official publication Uriadovy Kuryer. Communities have 9 months to change their name and submit relevant documents to public authorities. Otherwise, the statute of the respective religious organization will cease to be in force in the part which defines its full official name."[234]

The law 4128, which concerns churches communities who want to be put under another jurisdiction, was momentarily postponed.[217] The law was proposed in 2016.[235] President of Parliament, Andriy Parubiy, declared he had asked the Parliamentary committee on culture and spirituality to rewrite the law 4128 in order for it to be "in accordance with the recommendations and decisions of the European Court of Human Rights". If the law has been rewritten for Wednesday, the law should be presented to be voted by the Ukrainian Parliament on 16 January 2019.[236][237]

Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) raids

The Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) has carried out raids across the country targeting the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) churches and interrogated priests of the Moscow Patriarchy in November and December 2018, accusing them of being agents of the Russian government.[238][239][240][241] According to Metropolitan Pavel, "There is a pressure on me personally, threats are being heard, all sorts of attacks not only on me, but also on other bishops and priests. For what reason I do not know."[242]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Announcement (11/10/2018). – Announcements – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". www.patriarchate.org. Ecumenical Patriarchate. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-12. The Holy Synod discussed in particular and at length the ecclesiastical matter of Ukraine, in the presence of His Excellency Archbishop Daniel of Pamphilon and His Grace Bishop Hilarion of Edmonton, Patriarchal Exarchs to Ukraine, and following extensive deliberations decreed:
    1) To renew the decision already made that the Ecumenical Patriarchate proceed to the granting of Autocephaly to the Church of Ukraine. [...]
    4) To revoke the legal binding of the Synodal Letter of the year 1686 [...]
  2. ^ "Biography – The Ecumenical Patriarch". Ecumenical Patriarchate. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  3. ^ Vlasov, Andrey (31 May 2018). "From Kravchuk to Poroshenko: first project of SLC [Single Local Church] is 25 years now". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  4. ^ "Mikhail Denisenko (former Metropolitan Filaret of Kiev) tries to improve his image through the UN : Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  5. ^ a b c Podobied, Pavlo (8 November 2012). "Freeing Ukraine from Spiritual Dependence". ukrainianweek.com (History of the churches in Ukraine). Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  6. ^ a b After autocephaly, The Ukrainian Week (26 October 2018) (in Ukrainian) The Ecumenical Patriarchate unveiled documents in support of Ukrainian autocephaly, Gazeta.ua (14 September 2018)
  7. ^ a b c d e "Official History of the Defrocking and Anathematization of Philaret Denisenko. Documents of the June 1992, 1994, and 1997 Bishops' Councils of the Russian Orthodox Church". OrthoChristian.Com. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  8. ^ a b "To the anniversary of Kharkov Council, or a few words about how M.A. Denisenko was "expelled" from Church". spzh.news. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  9. ^ a b Losiev, Ihor (8 November 2012). "Filaret: A Statehood-oriented Patriarch". ukrainianweek.com. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  10. ^ "Ukrainian Orthodox church". encyclopediaofukraine.com. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  11. ^ The Russian Orthodox Church. "Statement by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church concerning the encroachment of the Patriarchate of Constantinople on the canonical territory of the Russian Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-31. By the decision of the Bishops’ Council of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, which took place on May 27, 1992, in Kharkov, Metropolitan Philaret (Denisenko), for his failure to fulfil the promises he gave on oath at the cross and the Gospel during the previous Bishops’ Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, was removed from the see of Kiev and suspended.
    The Bishops’ Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, by its Resolution of June 11, 1992, confirmed the decision of the Council of Kharkov and deposed Philaret Denisenko depriving him of all ranks of ministry according to the following accusations: ‘Cruel and arrogant attitude to the clergy under his jurisdiction, diktat and blackmail (Tit. 1: 7–8; Apostolic Canon 27; bringing temptation to the community of the faithful by his behaviour and private life (Mt. 18:7; the First Ecumenical Council Canon 3, the Sixth Ecumenical Council Canon 5); perjury (Apostolic Canon 25); public slander and blasphemy against a Bishops’ Council (Second Ecumenical Council Canon 6); exercising divine offices including ordinations in the state of suspension (Apostolic Canon 28); causing a schism in the Church (Double Council Canon 15). All the ordinations administered by Philaret in the state of suspension since May 27, 1992, and the suspensions imposed by him were recognized as invalid.
    In spite of repeated calls to repentance, Philaret Denisenko after his deposition continued his schismatic activity, also within other Local Churches. By the decision of the 1997 Bishops’ Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, he was anathematized.
  12. ^ Loudaros, Andreas (11 October 2018). "BREAKING NEWS: EP reinstates Ukraine's Patriarch Filaret, Archbishop Makariy". Orthodoxia.info. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  13. ^ "Statement by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church concerning the encroachment of the Patriarchate of Constantinople on the canonical territory of the Russian Church | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-31. In spite of repeated calls to repentance, Philaret Denisenko after his deposition continued his schismatic activity, also within other Local Churches. By the decision of the 1997 Bishops’ Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, he was anathematized. These decisions were recognized by all the Local Orthodox Churches including the Church of Constantinople.
  14. ^ "Metropolitan Hilarion: Filaret Denisenko was and remains a schismatic | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-30. For us Filaret was and remains a schismatic. [...] [T]he decision of his excommunication in 1997 was correct in every respect. It was recognized by all Local Churches without any exception, the Patriarchate of Constantinople including.
  15. ^ "ΑΠΟΚΛΕΙΣΤΙΚΟ: Όταν ο Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης αναγνώριζε την καθαίρεση του Φιλάρετου!". ROMFEA (in Greek). 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  16. ^ a b "Patriarch Bartholomew's 1997 acceptance of anathematization of Philaret Denisenko". OrthoChristian.Com. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  17. ^ a b "Announcement (11/10/2018). – Announcements – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". patriarchate.org. Retrieved 2018-10-27. 3) To accept and review the petitions of appeal of Filaret Denisenko, Makariy Maletych and their followers, who found themselves in schism not for dogmatic reasons, in accordance with the canonical prerogatives of the Patriarch of Constantinople to receive such petitions by hierarchs and other clergy from all of the Autocephalous Churches. Thus, the above-mentioned have been canonically reinstated to their hierarchical or priestly rank, and their faithful have been restored to communion with the Church.
  18. ^ a b c d "Константинополь: "Надеемся, Москва обратится к разуму". Подробности беседы". BBC News Русская служба. 2018-11-02. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  19. ^ a b c d Cazabonne, Emma (6 November 2018). "BBC interview with Archbishop Job of Telmessos on the Ukrainian question". orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  20. ^ a b c d e "Tomos ante portas: a short guide to Ukrainian church independence". Euromaidan Press. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16. the Synod ... of the Ecumenical Patriarchate ... gave further confirmation that Ukraine is on the path to receiving church independence from Moscow. ... Although President Poroshenko triumphantly announced that in result of the meeting Ukraine had received the long-awaited Tomos, or decree of Church independence – a claim circulated in Ukraine with great enthusiasm, this is not true. ... Constantinople's decision will benefit other jurisdictions in Ukraine – the UOC KP and UAOC, which will have to effectively dismantle their own administrative structures and set up a new Church, which will receive the Tomos of autocephaly. ... Right now it's unclear which part of the UOC MP will join the new Church. 10 out of 90 UOC MP bishops signed the appeal for autocephaly to the Ecumenical Patriarch – only 11%. But separate priests could join even if their bishops don't, says Zuiev.
  21. ^ "Message By His All-Holiness to the Devout Ukrainian People on the occasion of the Triumphal Entry of our Lord Jesus Christ into the Holy City of Jerusalem". patriarchate.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-05. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  22. ^ "Patriarch Bartholomew: "The Ecumenical Patriarchate recognizes the difficult challenges facing the blessed Ukrainian people today" | A Russian Orthodox Church Website". Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  23. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarch addressed Ukrainians on Palm Sunday". News | Orthodoxy Cognate PAGE. 2014-04-14. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  24. ^ Укрінформ (2015-02-18), Українська церква: шляхи єднання та доля Московського патріархату в Україні, retrieved 2018-11-26
  25. ^ "Constantinople is ready to help establish a unified local Church in Ukraine". risu.org.ua. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  26. ^ "Украинская Церковь: пути единения и судьба Московского Патриархата в Украине" — межконфессиональный круглый стол :: Киевская Русь. kiev-orthodox.org (in Russian). 19 February 2015. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  27. ^ "UAOC ready to become Constantinople's metropolis". risu.org.ua. 7 June 2015. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  28. ^ a b "UOC (MP) hierarchs concerned about Constantinople's activity in Ukraine". risu.org.ua. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  29. ^ "UOC-KP to ask the Ecumenical Patriarch to recognize their autocephalous status". risu.org.ua. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  30. ^ "Patriarch Kirill: Any unilateral actions in granting autocephaly should be excluded | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  31. ^ "His Holiness Patriarch Kirill: Unilateral recognition of schism in Ukraine will have catastrophic consequences for the unity of the Orthodox Church | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  32. ^ Трефилов, Владимир (11 June 2016). Легойда: обращение Рады к Константинополю – недопустимое вмешательство. Россия сегодня (in Russian). РИА Новости. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  33. ^ "The first Orthodox Christian summit for over 1,000 years is happening without Russia". The Independent. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  34. ^ "Russian Church insists on rescheduling Pan-Orthodox Council". Interfax-Religion. 13 June 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  35. ^ "Filaret meets with representatives of Patriarch Bartholomew in Kiev". spzh.news. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  36. ^ "Зустріч з представниками Вселенського Патріарха". cerkva.info. Українська Православна Церква Київський Патріархат (УПЦ КП). 15 December 2017. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  37. ^ "Parliament adopted a draft appeal to Ecumenical Patriarch on granting autocephaly to Ukrainian Church". risu.org.ua. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  38. ^ Kapsamun, Ivan (22 June 2016). "Ukraine's parliament appeals to Bartholomew: a historic step". The Day.
  39. ^ "Rada calls on Ecumenical patriarch to give autocephaly to Ukraine's Orthodox Church". interfax-religion.com. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  40. ^ "Orthodox Council in Crete will not consider Ukrainian parliament's message". TASS. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  41. ^ "Проект Постанови про Звернення Верховної Ради України до Всесвятості Варфоломія, Архієпископа Константинополя і Нового Риму, Вселенського Патріарха щодо надання автокефалії Православній Церкві в Україні". w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  42. ^ "Russian Orthodox Church finds Ukrainian Rada's initiative to be gross violation of law". interfax-religion.com. 16 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  43. ^ Интерфакс-Религия: Константинопольский патриархат изучит обращение Верховной Рады об автокефалии УПЦ. interfax-religion.ru (in Russian). 19 July 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  44. ^ "The Patriarchate of Constantinople to examine the appeal of Verkhovna Rada on granting autocephaly to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church". OrthoChristian.Com. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  45. ^ "Archbishop Job (Getcha) of Telmessos: "Ukraine is the canonical territory of the Church of Constantinople"". risu.org.ua. 1 August 2016. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  46. ^ "President of Ukraine met with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I – Official website of the President of Ukraine". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  47. ^ A. Goble, Paul (18 January 2016). "Moscow Patriarchate beefs up its staff for hybrid operations against Ukraine". EuroMaidan Press. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  48. ^ Aleksandrov, Kirill (10 April 2018). "Is a Local Church to be: What Poroshenko brings back from Constantinople". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  49. ^ a b Звернення Президента України до Вселенського Патріарха Варфоломія. Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  50. ^ "President's Appeal to Ecumenical Patriarch made public". risu.org.ua. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  51. ^ "Poroshenko's Appeal to Constantinople Patriarch published". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  52. ^ "UPDATE: Ukraine asks Constantinople to allow creation of independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-31. A number of elements are needed for the process to see success. First, a corresponding appeal from UOC of the Kyiv Patriarchate and Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, which has already been [...] in a rare united move of the two churches, according to Poroshenko.
  53. ^ "President and the Ukrainian Churches officially ask Ecumenical Patriarch to grant the Tomos of autocephaly". risu.org.ua. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  54. ^ "Poroshenko signs appeal to Ecumenical Patriarch to provide autocephaly to Ukrainian Orthodox Church". 112.international. Retrieved 2018-10-31. 'I've made a decision, as a president, to appeal to the Ecumenical Patriarch, His Holiness (Bartholomew) with a request to provide a tomos of the Ukrainian independent, actually, local autocephaly church', Poroshenko claimed. Also, the president urged the Ukrainian parliament to support the appeal. 'I would ask you, my dear colleagues, as there are the things that unite us, because the president is the representative of the Ukrainian nation and the parliament is the representative of the people to support this appeal as soon as possible', the president added.
  55. ^ a b "UPDATE: Ukraine asks Constantinople to allow creation of independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 17 July 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  56. ^ "President and the Ukrainian Churches officially ask Ecumenical Patriarch to grant the Tomos of autocephaly". risu.org.ua. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-31. Petro Poroshenko also said that all the bishop of the Kyivan Patriarchate had signed a similar appeal to Patriarch Bartholomew. Representatives of other churches supported this idea. "I met with the Metropolitan of the UAOC Makariy and he informed me that the Hierarchical Council of the UAOC today also supported the appeal to the Ecumenical Patriarch and the President," he said.
  57. ^ "Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України". w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  58. ^ "Deputies vote for 'granting autocephaly to the Ukrainian Church'". spzh.news. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  59. ^ Про Звернення Верховної Ради України до Його Всесвятості Варфоломія, Архієпископа Константинополя і Нового Риму, Вселенського Патріарха щодо надання автокефалії Православній Церкві в Україні. Законодавство України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  60. ^ "Poroshenko: Constantinople begins procedures to allow creation of independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church". uawire.org. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16. The Holy and Sacred Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate (in Constantinople) has received a request from Ukrainian President Poroshenko to Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew to issue a Tomos of Autocephaly (document of independence) to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine. [...] At Poroshenko's instruction, Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration Rostyslav Pavlenko visited Istanbul on April 20, where he delivered the Ukrainian President's request to His Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew.
  61. ^ "Regarding the granting of Autocephaly to the Church of Ukraine". goarch.org. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  62. ^ "Communique of the Holy and Sacred Synod (22.04.2018)". ec-patr.org. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  63. ^ "Communiqué of the Holy and Sacred Synod (04.22.2018)". patriarchate.org. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  64. ^ Aleksandrov, Kirill (25 April 2018). "What Constantinople said about the Single Local Church". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  65. ^ "Петро Порошенко". facebook.com. Retrieved 2018-11-12. [non-primary source needed]
  66. ^ "Members of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church's Synod meet with Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  67. ^ "Delegation of the Holy Synod of the UOC meets with His All-Holiness Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople ( Updated, with Commentary) – Українська Православна Церква". Українська Православна Церква. 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  68. ^ Aleksandrov, Kirill (2 July 2018). "Tomos at a standstill: the outcome of the UOC visit to Phanar". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  69. ^ "Delegation of the Holy Synod of the UOC meets with His All-Holiness Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople". vzcz.church.ua. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  70. ^ В Киево-Печерской Лавре состоялось совещание архиереев Украинской Православной Церкви – Украинская Православная Церковь. Украинская Православная Церковь (in Russian). 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  71. ^ "The Statement of the Hierarchs of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. "Our Existing Canonical Status is Quite Sufficient"". OrthoChristian.Com. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  72. ^ "Bishops of UOC adopts a joint statement following the visit to Phanar". spzh.news. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  73. ^ Заявление архиереев Украинской Православной Церкви, принявших участие в архиерейской совещании 25 июня в Киево-Печерской Лавре – Украинская Православная Церковь. Украинская Православная Церковь (in Russian). 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  74. ^ "Orthodox Church Heads Discuss Ukraine Bid To Split With Russia". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 1 September 2018.
  75. ^ "Archbishop Daniel Participates in Synaxis of Hierarchs of The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople". uocofusa.org. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  76. ^ "09/01/18: Synaxis of Hierarchs of the Ecumenical Throne". patriarchate.org. Retrieved 2018-10-29. From September 1–3, 2018, at the invitation of His All-Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, a Synaxis of Hierarchs of the Ecumenical Throne gathered from throughout the world at the Church of Holy Trinity in Stavrodromion, Istanbul. This meeting, as previously agreed upon by the venerable hierarchy three years ago, took place at the same location as the last Synaxis.
  77. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarchate sends Legates to Ukraine". Ecumenical Patriarchate Permanent Delegation to the World Council of Churches. 2018-09-07. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  78. ^ a b "Announcement of the Ecumenical Patriarchate (7th Sep. 2018)". ec-patr.org. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  79. ^ Orthodox Church (2018-09-09), Moscow Patriarchate – "Patriarch Bartholomew will answer before God and History", retrieved 2018-10-28
  80. ^ "Metropolitan Hilarion: Current situation creates a threat of schism for Universal Orthodoxy | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  81. ^ "Russian Orthodox Church Holy Synod Statement as of September 8, 2018 | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. 8 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  82. ^ "Russian Orthodox Church warns about response to appointment by Ecumenical Patriarch of his exarchs in Ukraine". interfax-religion.com. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  83. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarch sends legates to Kiev, begins process of autocephaly". OrthoChristian.Com. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  84. ^ "UOC DECR Statement in connection with appointment by Patriarchate of Constantinople of Exarchs in Kyiv – Department for External Church Relations of the UOC". vzcz.church.ua. 8 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  85. ^ "MINUTES of the Holy Synod's held on 14 September 2018 | The Russian Orthodox Church (MINUTE No. 69)". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  86. ^ "JOURNALS of a Meeting of the Holy Synod of the Moscow Patriarchate on September 14, 2018". synod.com. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  87. ^ "Statement of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church concerning the uncanonical intervention of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in the canonical territory of the Russian Orthodox Church | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  88. ^ "Russian Orthodox Church cuts ties with Constantinople over Ukraine". BBC News. 15 September 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  89. ^ "Metropolitan Hilarion: The decision to suspend the liturgical mention of the Patriarch of Constantinople does not imply breaking off the Eucharistic communion | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  90. ^ "Patriarch Bartholomew says he won't back away from his intention to grant autocephaly to Ukrainian Church". risu.org.ua. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  91. ^ Panagiotisandriopoulos (2018-09-23). "Φως Φαναρίου : ΟΙΚΟΥΜΕΝΙΚΟΣ ΠΑΤΡΙΑΡΧΗΣ: "Η ΟΥΚΡΑΝΙΑ ΘΑ ΛΑΒΕΙ ΤΟ ΑΥΤΟΚΕΦΑΛΟ ΔΙΟΤΙ ΕΙΝΑΙ ΔΙΚΑΙΩΜΑ ΤΗΣ"". Φως Φαναρίου. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  92. ^ Polityuk, Pavel; Dikmen, Yesim (11 October 2018). "Ukraine wins approval for historic split from Russian church". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  93. ^ "Announcement (11/10/2018). – Announcements – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". patriarchate.org. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  94. ^ a b "Constantinople recognizes Kyiv Patriarch Filaret as church bishop". Kyiv Post. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-17. The Kyiv Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church are planning to merge with pro-independence bishops of the Moscow Patriarchate into an independent (autocephalous) Ukrainian church, which is expected to get a tomos – a Synod decree recognizing the independence of the Ukrainian church from the Constantinople church. "This decision gives us the opportunity to unite with bishops of the Moscow Patriarchate who are willing (to join)," Filaret said on Oct. 11.
  95. ^ Daniel McLaughlin (11 October 2018). "Ukraine set for church independence despite Russia's warnings". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  96. ^ "Statement by the President of Ukraine regarding the decision of the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate – Official website of the President of Ukraine". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  97. ^ Max Seddon; Roman Olearchyk (14 October 2018). "Putin suffers Crimea blowback with Orthodox Church schism". Financial Times. Retrieved 2018-10-20. But both sides acknowledge the canonical dispute is a proxy for a wider battle over Kiev's independence from Moscow. ... Speaking in front of Kiev's oldest church on Sunday, Mr Poroshenko cast "autocephaly", or autonomy for the Ukrainian church, as part of Kiev's broader push for integration with the west through EU and Nato membership while withdrawing from agreements with Russia
  98. ^ Volodomyr Shuvayev (19 October 2018). "How Geopolitics Are Driving the Biggest Eastern Orthodox Schism in a Millennium". Stratfor. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  99. ^ Совещание с постоянными членами Совета Безопасности [Meeting with permanent members of the Security Council] (in Russian). kremlin.ru. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-17. Vladimir Putin held an operational meeting with the permanent members of the Security Council. They discussed issues of the domestic Russian socio-economic agenda and international issues.
  100. ^ "Russian Security Council discusses the situation of Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine". Religious Information Service of Ukraine. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  101. ^ "Putin Discusses Orthodox Church Crisis in Ukraine with Russian Security Council". Sputnik News. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-17. Meanwhile, Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed on Friday with the permanent members of the Russian Security Council a wide range of domestic and foreign policy issues, including the situation around the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.
  102. ^ "Заява Прес-центру Київської Патріархії про рішення Священного Синоду Константинопольської Матері-Церкви та їхнє значення для Церкви в Україні". cerkva.info. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  103. ^ "Kiev Patriarchate declines to implement the Phanar's decision on Filaret". spzh.news. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  104. ^ "Phanar considers Filaret an ordinary bishop without an episcopal see". spzh.news. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  105. ^ a b "ΑΠΟΚΛΕΙΣΤΙΚΟ | Βαρθολομαίος σε Ονούφριο: Δεν μπορείτε να έχετε πλέον τον τίτλο Κιέβου". ROMFEA (in Greek). 7 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  106. ^ a b "Phanar – to His Beatitude: You will remain Metropolitan till the Council". spzh.news. 7 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  107. ^ a b "Patriarch Bartholomew explains Metropolitan Onufriy reasons for Ukraine church's autocephaly (Letter)". unian.info. 7 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  108. ^ "Exarch: Constantinople recognizes all clergy of KP and UAOC as canonical". spzh.news. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  109. ^ "Constantinople recognized all clergy of KP and UAOC as canonical—Patriarchal Exarch". OrthoChristian.Com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  110. ^ Peter, Laurence (17 October 2018). "Orthodox Church split: Five reasons why it matters". BBC. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  111. ^ "New Local Orthodox Church in Ukraine: Explained". Retrieved 2018-10-27. Press secretary of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Archbishop Yevstratiy (Zorya) says [...] nearly 10 bishops of the Moscow Patriarchate (MP) support the unification process, and it will be clear how many will take part in the unification council in the process of its preparation. Zorya predicts that after receiving a tomos, the majority of those who are now part of the Moscow Patriarchate will join the Ukrainian Church. "According to my forecasts, this will continue for several years and, as a result, at least two-thirds of those who are with the MP will join the Ukrainian church," he said.
  112. ^ "Constantinople: Moscow Patriarchate no longer exists in Ukraine". Ukrinform. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  113. ^ "Archbishop Job (Getcha): There will be no Exarchate of ROC in Ukraine". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  114. ^ "UOCKP and UAOC no longer exist, Phanar takes everything into its own hands". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  115. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and President Petro Poroshenko Sign Agreement on Cooperation and Coordination – News Releases – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". patriarchate.org. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  116. ^ "Poroshenko, Patriarch Bartholomew sign agreement on cooperation". Ukrinform. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  117. ^ "Интерфакс-Религия: В РПЦ упрекнули Порошенко в нарушении Конституции Украины". interfax-religion.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  118. ^ "ROC: Agreement of Poroshenko with Phanar violates Constitution of Ukraine". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  119. ^ "UOC hierarch: Agreement with Phanar has neither church nor secular value". spzh.news. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  120. ^ "Communiqué (19/11/2018). – Announcements – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". patriarchate.org. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
  121. ^ "Tomos for Ukraine: Synod of Ecumenical Patriarchate convenes in Istanbul". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  122. ^ a b "Communiqué (29/11/2018)". patriarchate.org. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  123. ^ "ΑΠΟΚΛΕΙΣΤΙΚΟ: Το Οικουμενικό Πατριαρχείο κατήργησε την Εξαρχία των Κοινοτήτων Ρωσικής Παραδόσεως". ROMFEA (in Greek). 27 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  124. ^ Cazabonne, Emma (27 November 2018). "The Ecumenical Patriarchate has dissolved the Archdiocese of Russian Orthodox Churches in Western Europe". Orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  125. ^ Cazabonne, Emma (2018-11-28). "Ecumenical Patriarchate Communiqué on Orthodox churches of Russian tradition in Western Europe". Orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  126. ^ "IT'S OFFICIAL: ECUMENICAL PATRIARCHATE DISSOLVES RUSSIAN ARCHDIOCESE OF WESTERN EUROPE". ORTHODOXY IN DIALOGUE. 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
  127. ^ У Стамбулі закінчилося засідання Синоду Вселенського патріархату (in Ukrainian). 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  128. ^ "Tomorrow, the Synod of Constantinople will make formal announcement on the Tomos and make public the date of Unification Council". risu.org.ua. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  129. ^ "Date for Orthodox Church's unification council in Ukraine to be announced by Ecumenical Patriarch". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  130. ^ Адміністрація Президента України (2018-11-29), Звернення Президента щодо рішення Синоду Вселенського Патріархату про схвалення Томосу, retrieved 2018-12-01
  131. ^ "President's address as regards the decision of the Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on the approval of the Tomos for the Ukrainian church". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  132. ^ a b "Православна церква України буде автокефальною – статут (повний текст документу)" [The Orthodox Church of Ukraine will be autocephalous – the charter (full text of the document)]. РБК-Украина (in Russian). 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  133. ^ a b Piter234903 (2018-12-15). "Statut". slideshare.net.
  134. ^ a b "СМИ обнародовали проект устава ПЦУ, принятый на "объединительном Соборе"". spzh.news. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  135. ^ a b Cazabonne, Emma (2018-12-15). "Bishop Epiphaniy (Dumenko) elected Primate of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine". Orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  136. ^ "Metropolitan Epifaniy (Dumenko) becomes Primate of One Local Orthodox Church of Ukraine". risu.org.ua. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  137. ^ "Metropolitan Epiphany of 'Kiev Patriarchate' elected as leader of "local Orthodox church" in Ukraine". interfax-religion.com. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  138. ^ a b "Перша промова предстоятеля Української помісної православної церкви Єпіфанія" [First speech of the primate of the Ukrainian local Orthodox Church Epiphany]. 112.ua (in Ukrainian). 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  139. ^ "Church Primate Epifaniy: doors of our Church are open to everyone". risu.org.ua. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  140. ^ Предстоятель единой УПЦ Епифаний рассказал о статусе Филарета и главном соборе новой церкви (in Russian). Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  141. ^ "Epifaniy's rep: After receipt of Tomos, OCU Synod to set up governing bodies". risu.org.ua. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  142. ^ "Варфоломій благословив Епіфанія та запросив за томосом у Стамбул". BBC News Україна. 2018-12-15. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  143. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarchate". facebook.com. Retrieved 2018-12-16. [non-primary source needed]
  144. ^ "Communiqué (25 [sic]/12/2018). – Announcements – The Ecumenical Patriarchate". patriarchate.org. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  145. ^ a b "Speech by the President on the results of the All-Ukrainian Orthodox Unity Council". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  146. ^ "Poroshenko to travel with Metropolitan Epiphany to collect Constantinople's tomos in person". interfax-religion.com. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  147. ^ "At New Year ceremony, Patriarch Bartholomew confirms his intention to give Tomos before Christmas". risu.org.ua. 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  148. ^ a b "Patriarch Bartholomew signs Tomos of autocephaly of Orthodox Church of Ukraine". risu.org.ua. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  149. ^ a b "Ukraine receives Tomos officially and forever". risu.org.ua. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  150. ^ La-Croix.com (2019-01-05). "L'Église d'Ukraine officiellement créée par le patriarche Bartholomée" [The church of Ukraine officially created by Patriarch Bartholomew]. La Croix (in French). Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  151. ^ a b "Президент України прибув у Стамбул" [President of Ukraine arrived in Istanbul]. ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  152. ^ "President took part in the solemn handing over of the Tomos of autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Istanbul". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  153. ^ "Petro Poroshenko at the ceremony of signing the Tomos: At last, God has bestowed the Orthodox Church of Ukraine upon us". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  154. ^ "Patriarch Bartholomew: «Prince Vladimir and Saint Olga are present in spirit and prayer, sharing our joy and pleasure»". risu.org.ua. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  155. ^ "Серед 15 зірок автокефальних православних Церков з'явилася українська зірочка!, – Петро Порошенко" [Among the 15 stars of the Autocephalous Orthodox Churches there was a Ukrainian star ! – Petro Poroshenko]. risu.org.ua. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  156. ^ "Metropolitan Epifaniy thanked Patriarch Bartholomew for signing the Tomos". risu.org.ua. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  157. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarch hands tomos of autocephaly over to leader of Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Video, photos)". unian.info. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  158. ^ "President took part in the solemn handing over of the Tomos of autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Istanbul". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  159. ^ "Petro Poroshenko at the ceremony of signing the Tomos: At last, God has bestowed the Orthodox Church of Ukraine upon us". Official website of the President of Ukraine. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  160. ^ "Православна Церква України не буде залежною від Константинополя – архієпископ Даниїл Памфілійський". Прямий Онлайн. 2019-01-06. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  161. ^ a b c "Що з підписами під томосом і чому його повертають до Стамбула". BBC News Україна. 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  162. ^ "Ukrainian Tomos signed by all members of Holy Synod of Ecumenical Patriarchate". risu.org.ua. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  163. ^ "Tomos for Ukraine Church signed by all members of Constantinople Synod". unian.info. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  164. ^ a b "Archbishop: Members of Ecumenical Patriarchate's Synod sign public copy of tomos for Ukraine". Kyiv Post. 2019-01-09. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  165. ^ Panagiotisandriopoulos (2019-01-09). "Φως Φαναρίου : Η ΥΠΟΓΡΑΦΗ ΤΟΥ ΤΟΜΟΥ ΤΗΣ ΑΥΤΟΚΕΦΑΛΙΑΣ ΤΗΣ ΟΥΚΡΑΝΙΑΣ ΑΠΟ ΤΑ ΜΕΛΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΓΙΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΣΥΝΟΔΟΥ". Φως Φαναρίου. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  166. ^ "В ПЦУ пояснили, чому томос ще раз повертався у Стамбул". zik.ua (in Ukrainian). 9 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  167. ^ "Tomos returns to Ukraine, brought to Rivne – Poroshenko". Interfax-Ukraine. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  168. ^ "Tomos returns from Istanbul to Ukraine". interfax-religion.com. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  169. ^ "Томос повернувся в Україну". Інформаційне агентство Українські Національні Новини (УНН). Всі онлайн новини дня в Україні за сьогодні – найсвіжіші, останні, головні. (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  170. ^ "Подписанный представителями Вселенского патриархата томос вернули в Украину". Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  171. ^ "Hieromonk Lucas athonite gave the Patriarch the calligraphed parchment with the Tomos for Ukraine". † Бигорски манастир. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  172. ^ a b "Parliament agrees to give St. Andrew's Church in Kyiv to Ecumenical Patriarchate". 112.international. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  173. ^ a b c "Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України". w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  174. ^ a b "Poroshenko tables in parliament bill on use of St. Andrew's Church in Kyiv | KyivPost". Kyiv Post. 2018-10-18. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  175. ^ "Ukraine's parliament hands over Kyiv-based St. Andrew's Church to Ecumenical Patriarch". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  176. ^ "Is the Ecumenical Patriarchate Fine with St. Andrew's Church in Kyiv? – Modern Diplomacy". moderndiplomacy.eu. 2018-10-26. Retrieved 2018-10-27. Besides, a special agreement will be signed between the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the sanctuary complex according to which the church will operate both as a place of worship and a museum (like the Refectory Church of St. Sophia's Monastery where services are held from 8 till 10 am, and later it is open as a museum). [...] The representatives of the world Orthodox leader would reside in a museum – and that, as politicians think, also shouldn't confuse the Phanar. Moreover, the church won't be owned but only used by Constantinople.
  177. ^ "Representation of Ecumenical Patriarchate in Ukraine to perform functions of embassy". Ukrinform. 5 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  178. ^ "UAOC leader: I can be deceived once, twice, but it'll no longer work". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-10-30. Also, Makariy Maletich noted that he had acted consistently in the matter of transferring St. Andrew's Church to the Constantinople Patriarchate unlike President Petro Poroshenko, who on the eve stressed that the temples belong to the state and will not be transferred to anyone.
    "I replied that I personally agreed, but I will gather the bishops, because it's not solely I who makes decisions," explained the "metropolitan". "We give it away, but you have to give us something in return.<...> There is a church of St. Cyril, there is a reserve, there is a church of the Savior on Berestov – here we go. And in the ZIK program, the president said he’d promised to make it up for both Filaret and Makariy, but it will be one church to get by. So, one has to be consistent. I can be deceived once, twice, but it will not work anymore."
    "Moscow (temples – Ed.) won't be transferred, whereas the only cathedral of the UAOC can be. Such justice we have, complained Makariy. " Filaret also has monasteries, churches, serves in Little Sofia. So the president is not acting in good faith, even though I praised him."
  179. ^ "Is the Ecumenical Patriarchate Fine with St. Andrew's Church in Kyiv? – Modern Diplomacy". moderndiplomacy.eu. 2018-10-26. Retrieved 2018-10-27. Now it is the cathedral of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC), but it's a state property and part of the Sophia of Kyiv National Sanctuary. That is why the decision to hand over the church was reviewed by members of Parliament. [...] Obviously, the UAOC's consent was also obtained. Its primate Metropolitan Makarios said that if the UAOC was part of the new Local Orthodox Church he agreed to give his cathedral to the Exarch of Constantinople.
  180. ^ "Filaret on who will own Church property after Tomos granted". spzh.news. Retrieved 2018-10-27. "The property belongs to the communities as the property of religious communities, and the property belongs to the state, which gives churches, temples, monasteries, lavras for use," says the head of the Kiev Patriarchate.
  181. ^ "A bill on repeal of transfer of Andrew's Church to Phanar submitted to Rada". spzh.news. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  182. ^ a b Про особливості користування Андріївською церквою Національного заповідника "Софія Київська". Законодавство України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  183. ^ "Ukraine's President signs law on transfer of St. Andrew's Church to Ecumenical Patriarchate". 112.international. 7 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  184. ^ "Poroshenko signs law on granting of use of St. Andrew's Church by Ecumenical Patriarchate | KyivPost". Kyiv Post. 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  185. ^ "Poroshenko signs law on transfer of St. Andrew's Church in Kiev to Patriarchate of Constantinople". RT International. 7 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  186. ^ "Law on transfer of St. Andrew's Church to Ecumenical Patriarchate takes effect". 112.international. 10 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  187. ^ "Ukraine transfers noted church to Constantinople patriarch". The Seattle Times. 2018-11-10. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  188. ^ "Cabinet Passes St Andrew's Church in Kyiv into Permanent Use By Ecumenical Patriarchate". ukranews.com. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  189. ^ Polityuk, Pavel (15 November 2018). "Petrol bombs lobbed at Kiev church as Russia row festers". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
  190. ^ Carroll, Oliver (18 November 2018). "Russian-backed Orthodox Church faces pressure from Kiev and splits within". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
  191. ^ ТСН (2018-11-15), Невідомі закидали "коктейлями Молотова" Андріївську церкву, retrieved 2018-11-25
  192. ^ "Задержан один из поджигателей Андреевской церкви". Комментарии.ua: Киев. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  193. ^ "First Hierarchical Liturgy of Patriarchal Stauropegia held at St. Andrew's Church in Kyiv (live video)". kiev.unian.info. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  194. ^ "First Hierarchical Liturgy of Patriarchal Stauropegia to be held at St Andrew's Church in Kyiv". risu.org.ua. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  195. ^ "Ukrainian Orthodox Church protests over service performed by Constantinople rep in Kiev". interfax-religion.com. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  196. ^ "DECR UOC commentary regarding fact that Patriarchate of Constantinople hierarch is ministering on Ukrainian Orthodox Church canonical territory – Department for External Church Relations of the UOC". vzcz.church.ua. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  197. ^ UATV English, Ukraine Celebrates Christmas with Independent Orthodox Church, retrieved 2019-01-08
  198. ^ "Ukraine Historic Sites – TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  199. ^ Про виключення із складу Кременецько-Почаївського державного історико-архітектурного заповідника споруд Почаївської Свято-Успенської лаври. Законодавство України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  200. ^ "Полиция начала расследование по факту передачи Почаевской лавры УПЦ МП". Credo.press. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  201. ^ "Culture Ministry challenges transfer of Pochayiv Lavra to UOC-MP". Ukrinform. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  202. ^ "Ministry of Justice cancels the transfer of Pochaev Lavra to UOC". spzh.news. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  203. ^ "Ministry of Justice repeals the illegal re-registration of the Pochayiv Lavra complex". risu.org.ua. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  204. ^ Олена Сукманова: Антирейдерська комісія скасувала незаконну перереєстрацію комплексу споруд Свято-Успенської Почаївської Лаври. minjust.gov.ua (in Russian). Ministry of Justice of Ukraine. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  205. ^ "Pochaev Lavra: power chooses to destroy monasticism of western Ukraine". spzh.news. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  206. ^ "Свято-Успенская Почаевская Лавра – Обращение братии Свято-Успенской Почаевской Лавры". pochaev.org.ua. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  207. ^ "Cabinet of Ministry returns Pochaev Lavra to Kremenets-Pochaev Reserve". spzh.news. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  208. ^ "Pochayiv Lavra returned to Kremenets-Pochayiv Historical Reserve under the Cabinet of Ministers' decision". risu.org.ua. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  209. ^ Кабмин вернул в состав Кременецко-Почаевского заповедника сооружения Почаевской лавры. Интерфакс-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  210. ^ "Кабмін повернув Почаївську лавру до складу Кременець-Почаївського заповідника". ukranews.com. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  211. ^ Воєнний стан не перешкодить створенню помісної церкви в Україні — голова Ради. hromadske.ua (in Ukrainian). 27 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  212. ^ "Verkhovna Rada Speaker: Martial law not to prevent establishment of Ukrainian Local Orthodox Church". risu.org.ua. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  213. ^ Cazabonne, Emma (2018-11-30). "Ukrainian Parliament Promises Martial Law Will not be an Obstacle to the 'Unification Council'". Orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  214. ^ "Интерфакс-Религия: Спикер Рады обещает, что военное положение не станет препятствием к проведению собора для создания поместной церкви". interfax-religion.ru. 27 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  215. ^ "Poroshenko explains timing of Russia's attack on Ukrainian ships near Kerch Strait". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  216. ^ "Порошенко сказав, чому Путін напав в Керченській протоці саме зараз". espreso.tv. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  217. ^ a b Panev, Jivko (2018-12-21). "Une première loi discriminatoire à l'égard de l'Église orthodoxe d'Ukraine a été votée hier par le Parlement ukrainien". Orthodoxie.com (in French). Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  218. ^ a b "Проект Постанови про прийняття за основу проекту Закону України про внесення змін до Закону України "Про свободу совісті та релігійні організації" щодо назви релігійних організацій (об'єднань), які входять до структури (є частиною) релігійної організації (об'єднання), керівний центр (управління) якої знаходиться за межами України в державі, яка законом визнана такою, що здійснила військову агресію проти України та/або тимчасово окупувала частину території України". w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  219. ^ "Poroshenko Bloc suggests creating working group to draft church bills". interfax-religion.com. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  220. ^ "Рада может рассмотреть в четверг законопроект о переименовании УПЦ МП". LB.ua. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  221. ^ "Zoria: We ask Ukrainian power to adopt bill #5309". spzh.news. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  222. ^ "Владика Філарет пропонує парламенту узаконити лише одну Українську Православну Церкву". risu.org.ua. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  223. ^ "ROC in Ukraine: Ukrainian parliament passes bill on the name of Moscow Patriarchate". risu.org.ua. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  224. ^ "УПЦ МП під Радою організувала протест проти прийняття релігійних законопроектів". risu.org.ua. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  225. ^ "После голосования за антицерковный законопроект в Раде возникла потасовка". spzh.news. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  226. ^ "Putin Condemns Creation of Independent Ukraine Church". VOA. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  227. ^ "Order! Order! Brawl Breaks Out During Ukrainian Parliament Session". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  228. ^ "UOC-MP urges President to veto law changing its name to ROC in Ukraine". risu.org.ua. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  229. ^ ""Metropolitan" Epiphany backs the adopted bill on renaming the UOC". spzh.news. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  230. ^ "President signed the Law on the name of the religious organization guided by the aggressor state". risu.org.ua. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  231. ^ "Former UOC-MP to appeal to Constitutional Court due to change of its name". unian.info. 25 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  232. ^ "UOC-MP set to appeal to Constitutional Court to retain its name". risu.org.ua. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  233. ^ "Legal Department of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church comments on the adoption of discriminatory bill No. 5309 by Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine | The Russian Orthodox Church". mospat.ru. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  234. ^ "Law on renaming churches becomes effective". risu.org.ua. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  235. ^ "Переходити до нової церкви буде простіше: деталі від законодавця". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). 11 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
  236. ^ "Парубий поручил профильному комитету доработать законопроект о смене подчиненности религиозных общин". Интерфакс-Украина (in Russian). 15 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  237. ^ "Новий законопроект про перехід релігійних громад Рада може розглянути у четвер, – Парубій". risu.org.ua. 15 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  238. ^ "Ukraine's security service raids home of Russian-backed monastery head". Reuters. 30 November 2018.
  239. ^ "Ukraine raids Orthodox churches with Russia ties". France 24. 3 December 2018.
  240. ^ "Ukraine set to establish new church, secure split from Russia". Al Jazeera. 15 December 2018.
  241. ^ "As Ukraine and Russia Battle Over Orthodoxy, Schism Looms". The New York Times. 31 December 2018.
  242. ^ "Ukraine's security service raids home of Russian-backed monastery head". Reuters. 30 November 2018.

Further reading

  • Denysenko, Nicholas, The Orthodox Church in Ukraine: A Century of Separation, Northern Illinois University Press, 2018
  • Vladimir Burega, The Tomos for Ukraine: What’s Typical and What’s Specific, 6 January 2019
  • Ilya Bay, Tomos for the Ukrainian Church: what is hidden in the details (in Ukrainian)

External links

  • Cazabonne, Emma, "Program of the Ceremony for the granting of the Ukrainian Autocephaly, to be held at the Phanar on January", Orthodoxie.com
  • Text of the tomos of autocephaly of the Orthodox church of Ukraine in Ukrainian, Greek and English (in Ukrainian on RISU.org) (in Greek in the archives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate)

Signing ceremony of the tomos:

  • Pictures of the signing ceremony of the tomos of autocephaly
  • Filmed signing ceremony of the tomos of autocephaly by Radio Liberty: LIVE | Томос для України: церемонія підписання
  • Filmed signing ceremony of the tomso of autocephaly by the Ecumenical Patriarchate

Handing of the tomos to Metropolitan Epiphanius:

  • Filmed by Hromadske.TV: Томос про автокефалію передають Україні
  • Filmed by Radio Liberty: LIVE | Томос для України: церемонія вручення
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Autocephaly_of_the_Orthodox_Church_of_Ukraine&oldid=878577937"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autocephaly_of_the_Orthodox_Church_of_Ukraine
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Autocephaly of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA