Bahadur Yar Jung

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Bahadur Yar Jung
Bahadur Yar Jung.jpg
Born
Muhammad Bahadur Khan

(1905-02-03)3 February 1905
Died 25 June 1944(1944-06-25) (aged 39)
Cause of death Suspected poisoned; his 'hukka' (water pipe) was poisoned when he went to meet the opposition party.
Resting place Mushirabad, Hyderabad, India
Nationality British India
Other names Quaid-e-Millat, Bahadur Yar Jung
Alma mater Madarsay Darul-Uloom, now called City College Hyderabad
Known for Prominent figure of Pakistan Movement, who propounded the philosophy of Sharia Law and Muslim State.
Associated with:
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
Muslim League
Khaksar Tehrik
Political party Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
Muslim League
Khaksar Tehrik
Spouse(s) Talmain Khatoon
Parent(s) Khatoon (mother)
Nawab Naseer Yar Jung (father)

Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung (or Bahadur Yar Jang) (3 February 1905, Hyderabad – 25 June 1944) (Urdu: بہادر یار جنگ‎) was a foremost Muslim leader in the princely state of Hyderabad in British India. He founded the branches of Khaksars in Hyderabad and was known as a powerful religious preacher. In 1938, he was elected the President of Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, a position in which he served till his death.[1][2][3]

Career

Jung aged 1

Bahadur Yar Jung wanted his own princely home state, Hyderabad, to be separate from the rest of India as a Islamic/Muslim state with Sharia Law in force. He led an organisation called Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, for the propagation of Islam. A friend and aid to Mohammed Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, he was one of the most admired leaders of the Pakistan Movement. In 1926, Bahadur Yar Jung was elected president of the Society of Mahdavis. In 1927, he led an organisation called Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, of which he was the founder member. In 1930, he was elected secretary of the Union of Jagirdars which had been established in 1892 but was moribund. A great Muslim zealot, he advocated peaceful but separate and independent co-existence among people of different religions after the independence of British India. So he vigorously supported All India Muslim League and the Pakistan Movement. He was closely associated with both Allama Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was a great author and a devoted Muslim.[2][4][3]

An undated portrait of Bahadur Yar Jung

Oratory

Matched by very few, his oratory skills served as a catalyst to the independence struggle of British India.[4] On 26 December 1943, he delivered an important speech in the All India Muslim League Conference. In the first half of his speech he laid stress on the struggle for Pakistan. In the second half he talked about the creation of Pakistan. At the end he said,

"Muslims! Decisions made under pressure do not last for long. To-day we are not in need of a tree that blooms like a flower or in need of fruit that tastes sweet to our mouths. Instead, we are in the need of fine manure that dissolves in the soil and strengthens the roots. That will unite with the water and soil to produce beautiful flowers. That will destroy itself but will leave its scent and taste in the flowers. We are at present not in need of beautiful scenery that looks good to the eyes, but what we need are foundation stones that will bury themselves in the soil to make the building standing on them strong."[5]

Personal life

He was the son of Nawab Naseer Yar Jung, a prominent resident of Hyderabad. His wife's name was Talmain Khatoon. He was the maternal grand-uncle of Fatima Surayya Bajia,[6] Anwar Maqsood, Zehra Nigah, Zubaida Tariq and Mrs Kazmi.

While all of those named above are Pakistanis, many other of his relatives remained in India. He had a brother by name Nawab Daulat Khan, whose daughter was given in marriage to Dr. Moinuddin Khan Sandozai, a doctor practising in Hyderabad, India. Their daughter, Uzma, was given in marriage to Ahmed Alam Khan, one of the seven sons of Shah Alam Khan, owner of Hyderabad Deccan Cigarette Factory. In December 2019, Uzma's only son, Barkat Alam Khan, married Qudsia, the eldest daughter of Asaduddin Owaisi, at an extremely lavish ceremony in Hyderabad, India.

Commemorations

See also

References

  1. ^ Benichou, Autocracy to Integration 2000, Chapter 4.
  2. ^ a b Preserving the legacy of Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung (1905-1944), TwoCircles.net website, Published 12 March 2012, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  3. ^ a b c Tribute paid to Bahadur Yar Jung, Dawn (newspaper), Published 28 June 2011, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  4. ^ a b Glowing tributes paid to Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung, Published 28 June 2014, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  5. ^ BAHADAR YAR JANG at www.brain.net.pk
  6. ^ Profile and interview of Fatima Surayya Bajia on gulfnews.com website, Gulf News, Updated 28 August 2017, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  7. ^ Bahadur Yar Jung Library in Bahadurabad, Karachi, Pakistan, Dawn (newspaper), Published 21 June 2011, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  8. ^ Profile with commemorative postage stamp image on findpk.com website, Retrieved 28 August 2017
  9. ^ Bahadur Yar Jung commemorative postage stamp issued in 1990 by Pakistan Post Office, Retrieved 28 August 2017

Bibliography

  • Benichou, Lucien D. (2000), From Autocracy to Integration: Political Developments in Hyderabad State, 1938–1948, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 978-81-250-1847-6

External links

  • Bahadur yar Jung Biography website
  • When the Nizam Wept
  • Hyderabad 1948 Revisited –– Was Kashmir A Mistake? by India Defence Consultants
  • An English translation of Saadat Hasan Manto’s ‘Mera Sahib’
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