Charles Montagu, 1st Duke of Manchester

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Portrait of Charles Montagu by Godfrey Kneller, circa 1711

Charles Edward Montagu, 1st Duke of Manchester PC (c. 1662 – 20 January 1722) of the Noble House of Montagu, previously 4th Earl of Manchester, son of Robert Montagu, 3rd Earl of Manchester,[1] was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge,[2] and succeeded to his father's earldom in 1683. Warmly sympathizing with the Whig revolution of 1688, he attended William and Mary at their coronation, and fought under William at the Boyne.[3][4]

In 1697, he was sent as an envoy to Venice to try to procure the release of British sailors, but the Venetians proved unwilling to negotiate. On his return in 1698, he was appointed a privy councillor. The following year he was sent as English ambassador to France, remaining there until the outbreak of war in 1701. He was then briefly appointed Secretary of State for the Southern Department, a post he held between January and May 1702. He was then out of office until again sent to Venice, as ambassador, but during his time there in 1707 and 1708, this negotiations (to persuade Venice to adhere to the Grand Alliance) were again unsuccessful.

In 1714 he received an appointment in the household of George I, by whom on 28 April 1719 he was created Duke of Manchester.[3] In 1719 he was one of the main subscribers to the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on the stage.[citation needed] He died on 20 January 1722. He was the father of both the 2nd Duke of Manchester and the 3rd Duke of Manchester,[1] and also of Charlotte Byng, Viscountess Torrington.


See also

List of deserters from James II to William of Orange


  1. ^ a b Rigg, J. M. (2004). "Montagu, Charles, first duke of Manchester (c. 1662–1722)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19005. Retrieved 28 November 2013. Revised by Matthew Kilburn as of May 2010.(subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ "Montagu, Charles (MNTG660C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainMcNeill, Ronald John (1911). "Manchester, Earls and Dukes of". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 543.
  4. ^ "Montagu, Charles (1660?-1722)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Grandison
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
Succeeded by
Marquess of Hartington
Preceded by
James Vernon
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
Succeeded by
The Earl of Nottingham
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
British envoy to Venice
Succeeded by
Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
English Ambassador to France
Title next held by
The Duke of Hamilton
Preceded by
British ambassador to Venice
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Ailesbury
Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
Succeeded by
Viscount Hinchingbrooke
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Robert Montagu
Earl of Manchester
Succeeded by
William Montagu
Peerage of Great Britain
New title Duke of Manchester
Succeeded by
William Montagu
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