Halligen Frisian

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Halligen Frisian (Halifreesk) is the dialect of the North Frisian language spoken on the Halligen islands, primarily Langeneß and Hooge, in the German region of North Frisia. The dialect has survived despite the islands' being home to less than 300 people and unprotected by dikes, mandating evacuations during storms. However, it is now in danger of extinction.[1] Although it is spoken on islands, it is considered a mainland rather than an insular dialect due to its similarities with Goesharde Frisian.[2]



Below are two of the most commonly used verbs in Halligen Frisian:

Be Have
infinitive weese heewe
past participle wään heet
person present
1sg bän hääw
2sg bäst hääst
3sg is heet
plural sän heewe
person past
1 & 3sg waos hee
2sg weerst heest
pl weern heen


  1. ^ Walker, Alastair G.H. (2001). "Extent and position of North Frisian". In Horst H. Munske. Handbuch des Friesischen – Handbook of Frisian Studies (in German and English). Tübingen: Niemeyer. pp. 263–283. ISBN 3-484-73048-X.
  2. ^ "Halligen" (in German). Nordfriisk Instituut. Retrieved 3 August 2013.

Further reading

  • Jens Lorenzen Deutsch-Halligfriesisch: Ein Wörterbuch / Tutsk-Freesk: En Üürdeböök: 6000 Vokabeln Halligfriesisch mit Texten aus dem 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Bräist/Bredstedt: Nordfriisk Instituut, 1977 (in German and Halligen Frisian) ISBN 3-88007-059-8.
  • Ommo Wilts (ed.) Friesische Formenlehre in Tabellen VII: Halligen, Husum: Matthiesen Verlag, 1997 ISBN 3-7868-0513-X.
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