Hellenic Armed Forces

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Hellenic Armed Forces
Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις
Coat of arms of Greece military variant.svg
Founded 1828
Current form 1975
Service branches Hellenic National Defence General Staff Hellenic National Defence General Staff
Hellenic Army Hellenic Army
Hellenic Navy Hellenic Navy
Hellenic Air Force Hellenic Air Force
Headquarters Athens, Greece
Commander-in-Chief President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Minister of National Defense Nikos Panagiotopoulos
Chief of the General Staff Air Chief Marshal Christos Christodoulou
Military age 18 years of age
Conscription Yes
Available for
military service
2,535,174 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,517,273 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Fit for
military service
2,084,469 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,065,956 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Reaching military
age annually
53,858 males (2008 est.[3]),
50,488 females (2008 est.[3])
Active personnel 200.000 (2017)[1]
wartime strength:
over 750.000[2]
Budget €4.230 billion ($4.844 billion) (2019)[4]
Percent of GDP 2.24% (2019)[4]
Domestic suppliers ELBO, EAS (EBO, Pyrkal), Miltech, KEA, EAB, Theon, Sunlight, Intracom Defence Electronics, Elfon, HDVS, Elmon, Apella, Metka, VEMEKEP, BOSA, SIELMAN, Akmon, ISI Hellas, Valpak, Thales Electronic System, Prisma Electronics, SSMART- SIGNAL HELLAS, TELETEL, Barracuda ships, Motomarine, Elefsis Shipyards, Neorion, GAL, Axon Engineering, Spider, Vipon, TEMMA, Grantex, Kampakas, Kouimtzis Group, Hellenic Shipyards Co., Kioleides, EODH, BSK Defense, OMI Ordtech, HAT
Past: Chropei, Elviemek, Econ group, 3 Sigma
Foreign suppliers  Austria
 United Kingdom
 United States
Related articles
History Military history of Greece
Ranks Greek military ranks

The Hellenic Armed Forces (Greek: Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις, Ellinikés Énoples Dynámis) are the combined ground, naval and air forces of Greece. They consist of the Hellenic National Defense General Staff, the Hellenic Army, the Hellenic Navy, and the Hellenic Air Force.

The civilian authority overseeing the Hellenic Armed Forces is the Ministry of National Defense.


General information


Greece currently has universal compulsory military service for males from and over 18 years of age. Under Greek law, all men over 18 years of age must serve in the Armed Forces for a period of 9 months. Women can serve in the Greek military on a voluntary basis, but cannot be conscripted.


According to NATO sources in 2008, Greece spent 2.8% of GDP on its military, which translated to approximately €6.9 billion (US$9.3 billion).[5] In 2008, Greece was the largest importer of conventional weapons in Europe and its military spending was the highest in the European Union relative to the country's GDP, reaching twice the European average.[6][5]

Data for the 2017 fiscal year showed an estimated expense of €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices, or €4.2 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.38% of GDP (+0.01 change since 2016). For the 2018 fiscal year, the expenditure was estimated at €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices or €4.1 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.27% of GDP (-0.11% change since 2017).[7]

Military personnel

Military personnel was estimated at approximately 106,000 for year 2017 and 105,000 for year 2018.[7]

International operations

Greece is an EU and NATO member and currently participates primarily in peacekeeping operations. Such operations are ISAF in Afghanistan, EUFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Chad, and KFOR in Kosovo.

Component forces and their organization

Hellenic National Defense General Staff

The Hellenic National Defense General Staff has the operational command of the Joint Armed Forces Headquarters and the units that operate under them. It is also responsible for organising and implementing routine operations and exercises of the Joint Armed Forces, coordinating and implementing operations during the management of wartime and peacetime crises and overseeing operations of the Hellenic Armed Forces outside Greek national territory.[8]

Hellenic Army

The basic components of the Hellenic Army are Arms and Corps. The former is responsible for combat missions and the latter for logistical support. It is organized in Commands, Formations, and Units with the main being brigade, division and corps. Its main mission is to guarantee the territorial integrity and independence of the country.[8]

Hellenic Navy

The Hellenic Navy incorporates a modern fleet consisting of strike units, such as frigates, gunboats, submarines and fast attack guided missile vessels and multiple types of support vessels, in order to be able to conduct naval operations that protect Greek national interests and guarantee the integrity of Greek territorial waters, the mainland and the islands.[8]

Hellenic Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force incorporates a modern aircraft fleet and congruent structure, combined with a comprehensive air defense system that consists of a widespread network of anti-aircraft weapons. The structure, which is overseen by the Air Force General Staff, includes the Tactical Air Force Command, the Air Force Support Command, the Air Force Training Command and a number of other independent defense units and services.[8] Its main mission is to defend Greek airspace and to provide combat support to the Hellenic Army and the Hellenic Navy.

See also


  1. ^ http://eda.europa.eu/info-hub/defence-data-portal/Greece/year/2015#2
  2. ^ Ελληνική Άμυνα και Τεχνολογία, Ετήσια Ισορροπία Δυνάμεων 2019–2020, Εκδόσεις Δυρός
  3. ^ CIA World Factbook, [1]
  4. ^ a b "Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019)" (PDF). NATO Public Diplomacy Division. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Greece - Military Spending". globalsecurity.org.
  6. ^ Frank Slijper (April 2013). "Guns, Debt and Corruption Military spending and the EU crisis" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2018_07/20180709_180710-pr2018-91-en.pdf
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.mod.mil.gr/Pages/MainAnalysisPage2.asp?HyperLinkID=2&MainLinkID=25

External links

  • Hellenic Ministry of Defense – official website
  • Hellenic National Defense General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Army General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Navy General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Air Force General Staff – official website
  • Defense expenditures of NATO countries
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