Jezero, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Jezero

Језеро
Jezero.JPG
Location of Jezero within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Jezero within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 17°10′5″E / 44.35000°N 17.16806°E / 44.35000; 17.16806Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 17°10′5″E / 44.35000°N 17.16806°E / 44.35000; 17.16806
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Snežana Ružičić (SNSD)
Area
 • Total 55.6 km2 (21.5 sq mi)
Population
 (1991 census)
 • Total 1,144
 • Density 21/km2 (53/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) 387 (50)
Website www.opstinajezero.org/lat

Jezero (Serbian Cyrillic: Језеро) is a village and a municipality located in western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 1,131 inhabitants, while the village of Jezero has a population of 1144, while the town of Jezero has a population of 702 inhabitants.

Geography

Physical geography

The Jezero municipality consists of hills, mountains and basins. The altitude is between 432 and 1267 meters, the highest mountains in the municipality are Gorica and Sinjakovo. The rivers that flow through the Jezero municipality are Pliva and Jošavka as well as their tributaries. The Jezero town is situated on location where the Pliva river enters Veliko Plivsko Lake.

Political geography

The Jezero municipality is located in the northeastern part of Republika Srpska. It borders the municipalities of Mrkonjić Grad, Jajce and Šipovo. The Jezero municipality is one of the smaller municipalities of Republika Srpska, with an area of 55,6 km2 and makes up 0,23% of the total territory of the Republic of Srpska.

Climate

The area of the Jezero municipality belongs to the zone of temperate continental climate with the average annual temperature of is 10.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is about 981 mm, and is evenly distributed throughout the year.

History

Ancient times

Jezero has had a long history. It is supposed that there had been a settlement at that area even in the Illyrian period and, according to traditional stories, as the Illyrian queen Teuta had ordered, the channel was dug so that the Illyrian fortress was established on the river island where the large part of settlement is still located. Roads passed through Jezero in Roman period and in the Middle Ages. The fortress on the river island was conquered by the Ottoman military during their conquest of Bosnia in 1463.

Formation of Jezero municipality

Before the war, the municipality of Jezero was a local community and belonged to the municipality of Jajce. After the signing of the Dayton Agreement (The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina), inter-entity boundary line separated Jezero from Jajce. Thus the municipality of Jezero was established by the decision of the National Assembly of Republika Srpska in June 1996.

Etymology

The village name Jezero derives from jezero, which in several Slavic languages, including Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Serbian and Slovene, means "lake".

Demographics

Population

Population of settlements – Jezero municipality
Settlement 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 2,604 3,323 1,949 1,144
Borci 227
Čerkazovići 220
Drenov Do 145
Đumezlije 92
Jezero 655 595 728 834 702
Kovačevac 131
Ljolići 205
Perućica 95

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Jezero town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 702 (100,0%) 834 (100,0%) 728 (100,0%) 595 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 477 (57,19%) 409 (56,18%) 435 (73,11%)
Serbs 282 (33,81%) 245 (33,65%) 131 (22,02%)
Yugoslavs 34 (4,077%) 46 (6,319%) 6 (1,008%)
Croats 33 (3,957%) 13 (1,786%) 19 (3,193%)
Others 8 (0,959%) 9 (1,236%) 4 (0,672%)
Albanians 6 (0,824%)
Ethnic composition – Jezero municipality
Nationality 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 1,144 (100,0%) 834 (100,0%) 728 (100,0%) 595 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 477 (57,19%) 409 (56,18%) 435 (73,10%)
Serbs 841 (73,51%) 282 (33,81%) 245 (33,65%) 131 (22,01%)
Croats 11 (0,962%) 33 (3,95%) 13 (1,78%) 19 (3,19%)
Yugoslavs 34 (4,07%) 46 (6,31%) 6 (1,00%)
Others 5 (0,437%) 8 (0,95%) 15 (2,06%) 4 (0,67%)


Tourism

The municipality of Jezero has significant water potential (rivers Pliva, Jošavka and rivers of Perućica, lake Đol in Ljoljići). Those potentials can be used for the development of tourism and hydro potential, ecology and protection of healthy environment.

The municipality Jezero is located on the river Pliva, halfway between Jajce and Šipovo at an altitude of 430 m. What is specific for Jezero is that it is located exactly on the confluence of the river Pliva with Great Pliva Lake, surrounded with beautiful mountain range. Except Pliva Lake, there are two more lakes nearby, those are Veliki Đol (Great Đol) and Mali Đol (Small Đol), places remarkably famous among the fishermen. Besides, Jezero has excellent conditions for paragliding, mountaineering and mountain-biking.


Jezero on Mars

In 2007, following the discovery of ancient crater-lake on planet Mars, the feature was named Jezero, after this town in Bosnia and Herzegovina[1][2], which is country's one of several eponymous towns and villages.[3]

In November 2018, it was announced that Jezero crater had been chosen as the landing site for the planned Mars 2020 rover mission.[4][5][6]

Jezero crater on edge of western Isidis basin
Jezero crater
Ancient rivers (left) flowed into the crater; overflow carved the outlet canyon (right).[10][11]
Jezero delta – chemical alteration by water

References

  1. ^ Lakdawlla, Emily (20 November 2018). "We're going to Jezero!". Planetary Society. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  2. ^ "4th July celebration at USA Embassy in Sarajevo / Pro-ruski savez na (ne)djelu: Dodik i Čović odbili doći na proslavu Dana nezavisnosti SAD-a". slobodna-bosna.ba (in Bosnian). 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Jezero on Mars". planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  4. ^ Chang, Kenneth (19 November 2018). "NASA Mars 2020 Rover Gets a Landing Site: A Crater That Contained a Lake - The rover will search the Jezero Crater and delta for the chemical building blocks of life and other signs of past microbes". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  5. ^ Wall, Mike (19 November 2018). "Jezero Crater or Bust! NASA Picks Landing Site for Mars 2020 Rover". Space.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  6. ^ Mandelbaum, Ryan F. "NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Will Land in Jezero Crater". Gizmodo. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  7. ^ Staff (4 March 2015). "PIA19303: A Possible Landing Site for the 2020 Mission: Jezero Crater". NASA. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  8. ^ Goudge, Timothy A.; Mustard, John F.; Head, James W.; Fassett, Caleb I.; Wiseman, Sandra M. (6 March 2015). "Assessing the Mineralogy of the Watershed and Fan Deposits of the Jezero Crater Paleolake System, Mars". Journal of Geophysical Research. 120 (4): 775. Bibcode:2015JGRE..120..775G. doi:10.1002/2014JE004782.
  9. ^ Wray, James (6 June 2008). "Channel into Jezero Crater Delta". NASA. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  10. ^ RBurnham (19 November 2018). "Overflowing crater lakes carved Mars canyon". Red Planet Report. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  11. ^ Staff (19 November 2018). "Overflowing Crater Lakes Carved Canyons Across Mars". University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 20 November 2018.

External links

  • Official website
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