Jezero, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Jezero

Језеро
Jezero.JPG
Location of Jezero within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Jezero within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 17°10′5″E / 44.35000°N 17.16806°E / 44.35000; 17.16806Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 17°10′5″E / 44.35000°N 17.16806°E / 44.35000; 17.16806
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Snežana Ružičić (SNSD)
Area
 • Total 55.6 km2 (21.5 sq mi)
Population
 (1991 census)
 • Total 1,144
 • Density 21/km2 (53/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) 387 (50)
Website www.opstinajezero.org/lat

Jezero (Serbian Cyrillic: Језеро) is a village and a municipality located in western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 1,131 inhabitants. The municipality was created from part of the pre-war municipality of Jajce (the other larger part of the pre-war municipality is now in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Etymology

The village name Jezero derives from jezero, which in several Slavic languages, including Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Serbian and Slovene, means 'lake'.

History

As of 2019, it is one of the smallest municipalities by number of inhabitants in Republika Srpska.[1]

Geography

Town is situated on location where the Pliva river enters Veliko Plivsko Lake, between municipalities of Mrkonjić Grad to the north-west, Jajce to the east, and Šipovo to the south.

Demographics

Jezero; Census Year 2013: Total of 702 inhabitants
Census Year 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Bosniaks 287 (25.08%) 477 (57,19%) 409 (56,18%) 435 (73,10%)
Serbs 841 (73.51%) 282 (33,81%) 245 (33,65%) 131 (22,01%)
Croats 11 (0.96%) 33 (3,95%) 13 (1,78%) 19 (3,19%)
Yugoslavs 00 (0.00%) 34 (4,07%) 46 (6,31%) 6 (1,00%)
Others 1 (0,08%) 8 (0,95%) 15 (2,06%) 4 (0,67%)
Total 1144 834 728 595

Jezero on Mars

In 2007, following the discovery of ancient crater-lake on planet Mars, the feature was named Jezero, after this town in Bosnia and Herzegovina[2][3], which is country's one of several eponymous towns and villages.[4]

In November 2018, it was announced that Jezero crater had been chosen as the landing site for the planned Mars 2020 rover mission.[5][6][7]

Jezero crater on edge of western Isidis basin
Jezero crater
Ancient rivers (left) flowed into the crater; overflow carved the outlet canyon (right).[11][12]
Jezero delta – chemical alteration by water

Additional images

References

  1. ^ Milojević, Milkica (30 June 2019). "PATULJASTE OPŠTINE U SRPSKOJ Tri sela, sto stanovnika i gradonačelnica". srpskainfo.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  2. ^ Lakdawlla, Emily (20 November 2018). "We're going to Jezero!". Planetary Society. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  3. ^ "4th July celebration at USA Embassy in Sarajevo / Pro-ruski savez na (ne)djelu: Dodik i Čović odbili doći na proslavu Dana nezavisnosti SAD-a". slobodna-bosna.ba (in Bosnian). 3 July 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Jezero on Mars". planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  5. ^ Chang, Kenneth (19 November 2018). "NASA Mars 2020 Rover Gets a Landing Site: A Crater That Contained a Lake - The rover will search the Jezero Crater and delta for the chemical building blocks of life and other signs of past microbes". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  6. ^ Wall, Mike (19 November 2018). "Jezero Crater or Bust! NASA Picks Landing Site for Mars 2020 Rover". Space.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  7. ^ Mandelbaum, Ryan F. "NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Will Land in Jezero Crater". Gizmodo. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  8. ^ Staff (4 March 2015). "PIA19303: A Possible Landing Site for the 2020 Mission: Jezero Crater". NASA. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  9. ^ Goudge, Timothy A.; Mustard, John F.; Head, James W.; Fassett, Caleb I.; Wiseman, Sandra M. (6 March 2015). "Assessing the Mineralogy of the Watershed and Fan Deposits of the Jezero Crater Paleolake System, Mars". Journal of Geophysical Research. 120 (4): 775. Bibcode:2015JGRE..120..775G. doi:10.1002/2014JE004782.
  10. ^ Wray, James (6 June 2008). "Channel into Jezero Crater Delta". NASA. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  11. ^ RBurnham (19 November 2018). "Overflowing crater lakes carved Mars canyon". Red Planet Report. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  12. ^ Staff (19 November 2018). "Overflowing Crater Lakes Carved Canyons Across Mars". University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 20 November 2018.

External links

  • Official website
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