Magadhi Prakrit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Magadhi Prakrit
Region India
Extinct developed into the Eastern Indo-Aryan languages[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Magadhi Prakrit (Māgadhī) was a vernacular Middle Indo-Aryan language, replacing earlier Vedic Sanskrit in parts of the Indian subcontinents.[2] It was spoken in present-day Assam, Odisha, Bengal, Bihar, and eastern Uttar Pradesh, and used in some dramas to represent vernacular dialogue in Prakrit dramas. It is believed to be the language spoken by the important religious figures Gautama Buddha and Mahavira[citation needed] and was also the language of the courts of the Magadha mahajanapada and the Maurya Empire; some of the Edicts of Ashoka were composed in it.[3]

Magadhi Prakrit later evolved into the Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, including the Bengali–Assamese languages (Assamese, Bengali, Chakma, Chittagonian, Rohingya, Sylheti and others), Bihari languages (Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili and others), and Odia, among others.[1][4] Out of all of its offshoots, Bengali is the most spoken, with over 240 million speakers, followed by Odia and Maithili (both with over 40 million speakers) as well as Bhojpuri (with over 30 million speakers).

References and footnotes

  1. ^ a b South Asian folklore: an encyclopedia : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, By Peter J. Claus, Sarah Diamond, Margaret Ann Mills, Routledge, 2003, p. 203
  2. ^ Cardona, George; Jain, Dhanesh, eds. (2003), "The historical context and development of Indo-Aryan", The Indo-Aryan Languages, Routledge language family series, London: Routledge, pp. 46–66, ISBN 0-7007-1130-9
  3. ^ Bashan A.L., The Wonder that was India, Picador, 2004, pp.394
  4. ^ Ray, Tapas S. (2007). "Chapter Eleven: "Oriya". In Jain, Danesh; Cardona, George. The Indo-Aryan Languages. Routledge. p. 445. ISBN 978-1-135-79711-9.

External links

  • Jain Agams
  • Jainism in Buddhist Literature
Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Magadhi Prakrit"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA