Municipalities of Chiapas

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Map of Mexico with Chiapas highlighted
Map of Mexico with Chiapas highlighted

Chiapas is a state in Southwest Mexico. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the seventh largest population with 5,217,908 inhabitants and the 10th largest by land area spanning 73,560.47 square kilometres (28,401.86 sq mi).[1][2] Chiapas is officially divided into 124 municipalities,[3][4] although the establishment of municipal authorities in Belisario Domínguez has been suspended since 2015 pending the resolution of a territorial dispute between Chiapas and the neighbouring state of Oaxaca.[5] A 125th municipality called Honduras de la Sierra, consisting of six ejidos currently part of Siltepec, will be incorporated on October 1, 2018.[6]

Municipalities in Chiapas are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[7] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[8] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[9] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[9]

The largest municipality by population is the state capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez, with 598,710 residents while the smallest is Sunuapa with 2,283 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is Ocosingo which spans 9,520.12 km2 (3,675.74 sq mi), and the smallest is Santiago el Pinar which spans 16.59 km2 (6.41 sq mi).[2]

Municipalities

State capital State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2015)[1][10]
Population
(2010)[11]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date[12]
km2 sq mi
Acacoyagua Acacoyagua 18,082 16,814 +7.5% 248.92 96.11 72.6/km2 (188.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Acala Acala 31,424 28,947 +8.6% 482.78 186.40 65.1/km2 (168.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Acapetahua Acapetahua 28,380 27,580 +2.9% 561.81 216.91 50.5/km2 (130.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Aldama Aldama 6,712 5,072 +32.3% 26.90 10.39 249.5/km2 (646.3/sq mi)
Altamirano Altamirano 32,872 29,865 +10.1% 958.34 370.02 34.3/km2 (88.8/sq mi)
Amatán Amatán 19,348 21,275 −9.1% 316.97 122.38 61.0/km2 (158.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Amatenango de la Frontera Amatenango de la Frontera 30,732 29,547 +4.0% 254.46 98.25 120.8/km2 (312.8/sq mi) August 16, 1884
Amatenango del Valle Amatenango del Valle 9,913 8,728 +13.6% 152.64 58.93 64.9/km2 (168.2/sq mi)
Angel Albino Corzo Jaltenango de la Paz 28,162 26,628 +5.8% 583.54 225.31 48.3/km2 (125.0/sq mi)
Arriaga Arriaga 40,114 40,042 +0.2% 810.52 312.94 49.5/km2 (128.2/sq mi) May 28, 1910
Bejucal de Ocampo Bejucal de Ocampo 7,494 7,623 −1.7% 79.00 30.50 94.9/km2 (245.7/sq mi) May 4, 1912
Belisario Domínguez[a] Rodulfo Figueroa
Bella Vista Bella Vista 20,142 19,281 +4.5% 214.47 82.81 93.9/km2 (243.2/sq mi)
Benemérito de las Américas Benemérito de las Américas 20,193 17,282 +16.8% 1,096.70 423.44 18.4/km2 (47.7/sq mi)
Berriozábal Berriozábal 51,722 43,179 +19.8% 353.15 136.35 146.5/km2 (379.3/sq mi) May 30, 1898
Bochil Bochil 34,997 30,642 +14.2% 366.42 141.48 95.5/km2 (247.4/sq mi) August 28, 1929
Cacahoatán Cacahoatán 45,594 43,811 +4.1% 174.80 67.49 260.8/km2 (675.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Capitán Luis Ángel Vidal Capitán Luis Ángel Vidal
Catazajá Catazajá 17,065 17,140 −0.4% 631.76 243.93 27.0/km2 (70.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chalchihuitán Chalchihuitán 16,803 14,027 +19.8% 185.91 71.78 90.4/km2 (234.1/sq mi)
Chamula Chamula 87,332 76,941 +13.5% 345.67 133.46 252.6/km2 (654.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chanal Chanal 12,181 10,817 +12.6% 408.07 157.56 29.9/km2 (77.3/sq mi)
Chapultenango Chapultenango 7,644 7,332 +4.3% 182.02 70.28 42.0/km2 (108.8/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Chenalhó Chenalhó 39,648 36,111 +9.8% 252.23 97.39 157.2/km2 (407.1/sq mi)
Chiapa de Corzo Chiapa de Corzo 100,751 87,603 +15.0% 833.39 321.77 120.9/km2 (313.1/sq mi)
Chiapilla Chiapilla 5,899 5,405 +9.1% 51.58 19.91 114.4/km2 (296.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chicoasén Chicoasén 5,000 5,018 −0.4% 115.72 44.68 43.2/km2 (111.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chicomuselo Chicomuselo 34,744 31,515 +10.2% 999.91 386.07 34.7/km2 (90.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chilón Chilón 127,914 111,554 +14.7% 1,685.16 650.65 75.9/km2 (196.6/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Cintalapa Cintalapa de Figueroa 84,455 78,114 +8.1% 2,448.75 945.47 34.5/km2 (89.3/sq mi)
Coapilla Coapilla 9,210 8,444 +9.1% 155.53 60.05 59.2/km2 (153.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Comitán de Domínguez Comitán de Domínguez 153,448 141,013 +8.8% 981.19 378.84 156.4/km2 (405.0/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Copainalá Copainalá 21,800 21,050 +3.6% 347.56 134.20 62.7/km2 (162.4/sq mi) September 4, 1837
El Bosque El Bosque 22,606 18,559 +21.8% 159.69 61.65 141.6/km2 (366.7/sq mi)
El Parral El Parral
El Porvenir El Porvenir 14,121 13,201 +7.0% 82.95 32.03 170.2/km2 (440.9/sq mi)
Emiliano Zapata 20 de Noviembre
Escuintla Escuintla 31,822 30,068 +5.8% 418.36 161.53 76.1/km2 (197.0/sq mi)
Francisco León Rivera el Viejo Carmen 7,430 7,000 +6.1% 210.79 81.39 35.2/km2 (91.3/sq mi)
Frontera Comalapa Frontera Comalapa 73,436 67,012 +9.6% 767.14 296.19 95.7/km2 (247.9/sq mi)
Frontera Hidalgo Frontera Hidalgo 14,416 12,665 +13.8% 94.38 36.44 152.7/km2 (395.6/sq mi)
Huehuetán Huehuetán 35,017 33,444 +4.7% 304.26 117.48 115.1/km2 (298.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Huitiupán Huitiupán 23,172 22,536 +2.8% 340.23 131.36 68.1/km2 (176.4/sq mi)
Huixtán Huixtán 23,625 21,507 +9.8% 311.82 120.40 75.8/km2 (196.2/sq mi)
Huixtla Huixtla 54,332 51,359 +5.8% 397.55 153.50 136.7/km2 (354.0/sq mi)
Ixhuatán Ixhuatan 11,342 10,239 +10.8% 94.68 36.55 119.8/km2 (310.3/sq mi)
Ixtacomitán Ixtacomitán 10,772 10,176 +5.9% 125.66 48.52 85.7/km2 (222.0/sq mi)
Ixtapa Ixtapa 27,198 24,517 +10.9% 280.02 108.12 97.1/km2 (251.6/sq mi)
Ixtapangajoya Ixtapangajoya 5,384 5,478 −1.7% 107.60 41.54 50.0/km2 (129.6/sq mi)
Jiquipilas Jiquipilas 39,109 37,818 +3.4% 1,305.75 504.15 30.0/km2 (77.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Jitotol Jitotol 20,606 18,683 +10.3% 236.37 91.26 87.2/km2 (225.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Juárez Juárez 21,222 21,084 +0.7% 745.21 287.73 28.5/km2 (73.8/sq mi)
La Concordia La Concordia 46,405 44,082 +5.3% 2,580.75 996.43 18.0/km2 (46.6/sq mi) February 14, 1849
La Grandeza La Grandeza 7,057 7,272 −3.0% 48.86 18.87 144.4/km2 (374.1/sq mi)
La Independencia La Independencia 44,891 41,266 +8.8% 516.08 199.26 87.0/km2 (225.3/sq mi)
La Libertad La Libertad 4,915 4,974 −1.2% 458.10 176.87 10.7/km2 (27.8/sq mi)
La Trinitaria La Trinitaria 76,917 72,769 +5.7% 1,608.38 621.00 47.8/km2 (123.9/sq mi)
Larráinzar San Andrés Larráinzar 23,889 20,349 +17.4% 149.29 57.64 160.0/km2 (414.4/sq mi)
Las Margaritas Las Margaritas 122,821 111,484 +10.2% 3,025.71 1,168.23 40.6/km2 (105.1/sq mi)
Las Rosas Las Rosas 28,261 25,530 +10.7% 235.61 90.97 119.9/km2 (310.7/sq mi)
Mapastepec Mapastepec 47,932 43,913 +9.2% 1,223.87 472.54 39.2/km2 (101.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Maravilla Tenejapa Maravilla Tenejapa 12,945 11,451 +13.0% 637.12 245.99 20.3/km2 (52.6/sq mi)
Marqués de Comillas Zamora Pico de Oro 11,444 9,856 +16.1% 912.40 352.28 12.5/km2 (32.5/sq mi)
Mazapa de Madero Mazapa de Madero 7,769 7,793 −0.3% 110.69 42.74 70.2/km2 (181.8/sq mi)
Mazatán Mazatán 29,239 26,573 +10.0% 383.99 148.26 76.1/km2 (197.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Metapa Metapa de Domínguez 5,743 5,033 +14.1% 27.33 10.55 210.2/km2 (544.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Mezcalapa Raudales Malpaso November 14, 2011[14]
Mitontic Mitontic 11,906 11,157 +6.7% 36.69 14.17 324.5/km2 (840.5/sq mi)
Montecristo de Guerrero Montecristo de Guerrero 7,682 6,900 +11.3% 198.59 76.68 38.7/km2 (100.2/sq mi)
Motozintla Motozintla de Mendoza 72,967 69,119 +5.6% 586.39 226.41 124.4/km2 (322.3/sq mi)
Nicolás Ruíz Nicolás Ruíz 4,262 4,317 −1.3% 29.63 11.44 143.8/km2 (372.6/sq mi)
Ocosingo Ocosingo 218,893 198,877 +10.1% 9,520.12 3,675.74 23.0/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
Ocotepec Ocotepec 12,508 11,878 +5.3% 61.34 23.68 203.9/km2 (528.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Ocozocoautla de Espinosa Ocozocoautla de Espinosa 92,103 82,059 +12.2% 2,102.52 811.79 43.8/km2 (113.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Ostuacán Ostuacán 18,128 17,067 +6.2% 600.46 231.84 30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Osumacinta Osumacinta 3,682 3,792 −2.9% 92.61 35.76 39.8/km2 (103.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Oxchuc Oxchuc 48,126 43,350 +11.0% 417.85 161.33 115.2/km2 (298.3/sq mi)
Palenque Palenque 119,826 110,918 +8.0% 2,897.44 1,118.71 41.4/km2 (107.1/sq mi)
Pantelhó Pantelhó 22,011 20,589 +6.9% 193.18 74.59 113.9/km2 (295.1/sq mi)
Pantepec Pantepec 12,136 10,870 +11.6% 106.03 40.94 114.5/km2 (296.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Pichucalco Pichucalco 31,107 29,813 +4.3% 595.09 229.76 52.3/km2 (135.4/sq mi)
Pijijiapan Pijijiapan 53,525 50,079 +6.9% 1,762.77 680.61 30.4/km2 (78.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán 31,942 31,075 +2.8% 248.25 95.85 128.7/km2 (333.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Rayón Rayón 9,578 9,002 +6.4% 67.90 26.22 141.1/km2 (365.3/sq mi)
Reforma Reforma 45,104 40,711 +10.8% 436.30 168.46 103.4/km2 (267.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Rincón Chamula San Pedro[b] Rincón Chamula
Sabanilla Sabanilla 26,921 25,187 +6.9% 250.78 96.83 107.4/km2 (278.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Salto de Agua Salto de Agua 63,446 57,253 +10.8% 1,232.27 475.78 51.5/km2 (133.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
San Andrés Duraznal San Andrés Duraznal 5,163 4,545 +13.6% 38.46 14.85 134.2/km2 (347.7/sq mi)
San Cristóbal de las Casas San Cristóbal de las Casas 209,591 185,917 +12.7% 395.50 152.70 529.9/km2 (1,372.5/sq mi)
San Fernando San Fernando 39,204 33,060 +18.6% 360.74 139.28 108.7/km2 (281.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
San Juan Cancuc San Juan Cancuc 34,829 29,016 +20.0% 173.62 67.04 200.6/km2 (519.6/sq mi)
San Lucas San Lucas 7,202 6,734 +6.9% 94.35 36.43 76.3/km2 (197.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Santiago el Pinar Santiago el Pinar 3,684 3,245 +13.5% 16.59 6.41 222.0/km2 (575.1/sq mi)
Siltepec Siltepec 35,192 38,143 −7.7% 879.09 339.42 40.0/km2 (103.7/sq mi)
Simojovel Simojovel de Allende 44,295 40,297 +9.9% 314.99 121.62 140.6/km2 (364.2/sq mi)
Sitalá Sitalá 13,844 12,269 +12.8% 105.75 40.83 130.9/km2 (339.0/sq mi)
Socoltenango Socoltenango 18,539 17,125 +8.3% 634.91 245.14 29.2/km2 (75.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Solosuchiapa Solosuchiapa 8,082 8,065 +0.2% 156.84 60.56 51.5/km2 (133.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Soyaló Soyaló 10,707 9,740 +9.9% 96.41 37.22 111.1/km2 (287.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Suchiapa Suchiapa 24,049 21,045 +14.3% 284.85 109.98 84.4/km2 (218.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Suchiate Ciudad Hidalgo 38,797 35,056 +10.7% 236.98 91.50 163.7/km2 (424.0/sq mi)
Sunuapa Sunuapa 2,283 2,235 +2.1% 78.59 30.34 29.0/km2 (75.2/sq mi)
Tapachula Tapachula 348,156 320,451 +8.6% 983.65 379.79 353.9/km2 (916.7/sq mi)
Tapalapa Tapalapa 3,839 4,121 −6.8% 66.32 25.61 57.9/km2 (149.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tapilula Tapilula 12,887 12,170 +5.9% 42.74 16.50 301.6/km2 (781.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tecpatán Tecpatán 41,305 41,045 +0.6% 1,260.52 486.69 32.8/km2 (84.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tenejapa Tenejapa 43,593 40,268 +8.3% 193.12 74.57 225.7/km2 (584.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Teopisca Teopisca 43,175 37,607 +14.8% 284.44 109.82 151.8/km2 (393.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tila Tila 77,554 71,432 +8.6% 803.89 310.38 96.5/km2 (249.9/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Tonalá Tonala 89,178 84,594 +5.4% 1,858.92 717.73 48.0/km2 (124.2/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Totolapa Totolapa 7,284 6,375 +14.3% 169.10 65.29 43.1/km2 (111.6/sq mi) March 6, 1876
Tumbalá Tumbalá 34,305 31,723 +8.1% 403.52 155.80 85.0/km2 (220.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tuxtla Chico Tuxtla Chico 41,823 37,737 +10.8% 161.95 62.53 258.2/km2 (668.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tuxtla GutiérrezState capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez 598,710 553,374 +8.2% 336.07 129.76 1,781.5/km2 (4,614.1/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Tuzantán Tuzantán 31,755 28,137 +12.9% 174.87 67.52 181.6/km2 (470.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tzimol Tzimol 15,316 14,009 +9.3% 359.44 138.78 42.6/km2 (110.4/sq mi) April 1, 1931
Unión Juárez Unión Juárez 15,350 14,089 +9.0% 62.26 24.04 246.6/km2 (638.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Venustiano Carranza Venustiano Carranza 65,009 61,341 +6.0% 1,364.65 526.89 47.6/km2 (123.4/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Villa Comaltitlán Villa Comaltitlán 28,961 27,899 +3.8% 447.05 172.61 64.8/km2 (167.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Villa Corzo Villa Corzo 79,003 74,477 +6.1% 2,764.48 1,067.37 28.6/km2 (74.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Villaflores Villaflores 104,833 98,618 +6.3% 1,907.90 736.64 54.9/km2 (142.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Yajalón Yajalón 37,833 34,028 +11.2% 209.96 81.07 180.2/km2 (466.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Zinacantán Zinacantán 41,112 36,489 +12.7% 195.26 75.39 210.5/km2 (545.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chiapas 5,217,908 4,796,580 +8.8% 73,560.47 28,401.86 70.9/km2 (183.7/sq mi)
Mexico[16] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,605.81 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)


Notes

  1. ^ Municipal authorities elected in 2015 were rejected by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation as contrary to its 2012 order prohibiting the naming of municipal authorities in the area, which is disputed by Oaxaca.[5] INEGI does not include it within its National Geostatistical Framework.[13]
  2. ^ Rincon Chamula San Pedro became a municipality in 2017 and thus does not have population or area figures.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Número de habitantes". INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cedulas de Informacion Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretara de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas". Article 2, Act of September 6, 2017 (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved January 5, 2018.
  4. ^ "En 2018 sí habrá elecciones en nuevos municipios de Chiapas: SGG". El Estado (in Spanish). September 21, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Desaparecen Concejo Municipal por controversia constitucional" (in Spanish). MuralChiapas. April 20, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  6. ^ "Honduras de la Sierra, el nuevo municipio Chiapas" (in Spanish). Diario Ultimátum. April 25, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  7. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  8. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  9. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
  10. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  11. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio segun tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  12. ^ Estado de Chiapas División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 79-95. ISBN 970-13-1491-3.
  13. ^ "Catálogo Único de Claves de Áreas Geoestadísticas Estatales, Municipales y Localidades". INEGI. November 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Mezcalapa - Gobierno de Chiapas". Chiapas.gob.mx. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Rincón Chamula San Pedro se oficializa como el municipio 123 de Chiapas". Noticieros.televisa.com. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
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