Municipalities of Coahuila

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Map of Mexico with Coahuila highlighted
Map of Mexico with Coahuila highlighted

Coahuila is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 38 municipalities.[1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Coahuila is the 16th most populous state with 2,954,915 inhabitants and the third largest by land area spanning 151,846.16 square kilometres (58,628.13 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Coahuila are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population is the state capital Saltillo, with 807,537 residents, while the smallest is Abasolo with 1,015 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area in Coahuila and the third largest in Mexico is Ocampo, which spans 26,064.30 km2 (10,063.48 sq mi), and the smallest is Allende which spans 252.01 km2 (97.30 sq mi).[2] The first municipality to incorporate was Monclova on August 12, 1689 and the newest municipality is Francisco I. Madero, which incorporated December 2, 1936.[6]

Municipalities


State capital State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2015)[1][7]
Population
(2010)[8]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Abasolo Abasolo 1,015 1,070 −5.1% 744.40 287.41 1.4/km2 (3.5/sq mi) November 17, 1827
Acuña Ciudad Acuña 147,809 136,755 +8.1% 11,478.22 4,431.77 12.9/km2 (33.4/sq mi) February 12, 1890
Allende Allende 22,654 22,675 −0.1% 252.01 97.30 89.9/km2 (232.8/sq mi) February 3, 1826
Arteaga Arteaga 23,271 22,544 +3.2% 1,638.66 632.69 14.2/km2 (36.8/sq mi) December 31, 1866
Candela Candela 1,720 1,808 −4.9% 2,122.52 819.51 0.8/km2 (2.1/sq mi) October 4, 1857
Castaños Castaños 28,068 25,892 +8.4% 3,349.05 1,293.08 8.4/km2 (21.7/sq mi) February 6, 1877
Cuatrociénegas Cuatrociénegas de Carranza 13,546 13,013 +4.1% 10,691.19 4,127.89 1.3/km2 (3.3/sq mi) June 11, 1800
Escobedo[a] Escobedo 3,077 2,901 +6.1% 1,026.61 396.38 3.0/km2 (7.8/sq mi) December 2, 1905
Francisco I. Madero Francisco I. Madero 58,360 55,676 +4.8% 2,815.25 1,086.97 20.7/km2 (53.7/sq mi) December 2, 1936
Frontera Ciudad Frontera 80,991 75,215 +7.7% 458.25 176.93 176.7/km2 (457.8/sq mi) December 14, 1927
General Cepeda[b] General Cepeda 12,471 11,682 +6.8% 2,646.14 1,021.68 4.7/km2 (12.2/sq mi) September 25, 1866
Guerrero[c] Guerrero 1,697 2,091 −18.8% 2,931.13 1,131.72 0.6/km2 (1.5/sq mi) March 11, 1827
Hidalgo Hidalgo 1,565 1,852 −15.5% 1,131.55 436.90 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi) August 2, 1886
Jiménez Jiménez 10,243 9,935 +3.1% 2,203.86 850.92 4.6/km2 (12.0/sq mi) February 13, 1875
Juárez Juárez 1,574 1,599 −1.6% 2,462.03 950.60 0.6/km2 (1.7/sq mi) December 5, 1874
Lamadrid Lamadrid 1,773 1,835 −3.4% 674.50 260.43 2.6/km2 (6.8/sq mi) May 13, 1912
Matamoros Matamoros de la Laguna 108,950 107,160 +1.7% 807.63 311.83 134.9/km2 (349.4/sq mi) August 6, 1869
Monclova Monclova 231,107 216,206 +6.9% 1,253.69 484.05 184.3/km2 (477.4/sq mi) August 12, 1689
Morelos Morelos 8,599 8,207 +4.8% 640.09 247.14 13.4/km2 (34.8/sq mi) February 3, 1826
Múzquiz Santa Rosa de Múzquiz 69,102 66,834 +3.4% 8,300.45 3,204.82 8.3/km2 (21.6/sq mi) January 31, 1850
Nadadores Nadadores 6,614 6,335 +4.4% 717.77 277.13 9.2/km2 (23.9/sq mi) June 21, 1828
Nava Nava 30,698 27,928 +9.9% 909.23 351.05 33.8/km2 (87.4/sq mi) June 13, 1827
Ocampo Ocampo 11,671 10,991 +6.2% 26,064.30 10,063.48 0.4/km2 (1.2/sq mi) July 3, 1890
Parras Parras de la Fuente 44,799 45,401 −1.3% 10,641.79 4,108.82 4.2/km2 (10.9/sq mi) December 12, 1824
Piedras Negras Piedras Negras 163,595 152,806 +7.1% 475.08 183.43 344.4/km2 (891.9/sq mi) October 4, 1857
Progreso Progreso 3,304 3,473 −4.9% 2,891.22 1,116.31 1.1/km2 (3.0/sq mi) November 11, 1860
Ramos Arizpe Ramos Arizpe 92,828 75,461 +23.0% 6,767.36 2,612.89 13.7/km2 (35.5/sq mi) May 13, 1850
Sabinas Sabinas 63,522 60,847 +4.4% 1,979.31 764.21 32.1/km2 (83.1/sq mi) January 22, 1906
Sacramento Sacramento 2,360 2,314 +2.0% 289.86 111.92 8.1/km2 (21.1/sq mi) May 9, 1862
Saltillodagger Saltillo 807,537 725,123 +11.4% 5,631.26 2,174.24 143.4/km2 (371.4/sq mi) March 11, 1827
San Buenaventura San Buenaventura 23,587 22,149 +6.5% 6,453.08 2,491.55 3.7/km2 (9.5/sq mi) October 4, 1857
San Juan de Sabinas Nueva Rosita 43,232 41,649 +3.8% 803.63 310.28 53.8/km2 (139.3/sq mi) August 6, 1869
San Pedro de las Colonias San Pedro de las Colonias 106,142 102,650 +3.4% 7,157.36 2,763.47 14.8/km2 (38.4/sq mi) February 24, 1871
Sierra Mojada Sierra Mojada 6,988 6,375 +9.6% 7,934.60 3,063.56 0.9/km2 (2.3/sq mi) September 29, 1879
Torreón Torreón 679,288 639,629 +6.2% 1,285.40 496.29 528.5/km2 (1,368.7/sq mi) February 25, 1893
Viesca Viesca 21,549 21,319 +1.1% 4,410.76 1,703.01 4.9/km2 (12.7/sq mi) September 21, 1830
Villa Unión Villa Unión 6,352 6,289 +1.0% 1,857.32 717.12 3.4/km2 (8.9/sq mi) December 28, 1927
Zaragoza[d] Zaragoza 13,257 12,702 +4.4% 7,949.58 3,069.35 1.7/km2 (4.3/sq mi) November 15, 1824
Coahuila 2,954,915 2,748,391 +7.5% 151,846.16 58,628.13 19.5/km2 (50.4/sq mi)
Mexico[13] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,605.81 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)

Notes

  1. ^ In 1918 the name was changed from Abasólo Nuevo.[9]
  2. ^ The Congress of Coahuila changed the municipality's name from Villa de Patos on December 29, 1892.[10]
  3. ^ Guerrero was originally incorporated as Rio Grande, changing its name on March 18, 1834.[11]
  4. ^ On August 7, 1827, the name of the town was changed from San Fernando to Villa de Rosas, and then to Rosas on October 4, 1857, and finally to Zaragoza on February 27, 1868.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cedulas de Informacion Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretara de Desarrollo Social. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 978-9264015326.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4330-7030-3.
  6. ^ a b Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 89–97. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  7. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México Estado de Coahuila de Zaragoza". H. Ayuntamiento de Escobedo. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  10. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 113. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  11. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 114. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  12. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  13. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.

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