Municipalities of Durango

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Map of Mexico with Durango highlighted
Map of Mexico with Durango highlighted
Downtown Durango
Downtown Durango, the capital and largest city in the state of Durango

Durango is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 39 municipalities.[1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Durango is the 23rd most populous state with 1,754,754 inhabitants but the 4th largest by land area spanning 123,575.36 square kilometres (47,712.71 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Durango are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population is the state capital Durango, with 654,876 residents or approximately 37.3% of the state population.[1] The smallest municipality by population is San Pedro del Gallo with 1,478 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is also Durango which spans 9,306.43 km2 (3,593.23 sq mi), and the smallest is Vicente Guerrero which spans 370.56 km2 (143.08 sq mi).[2] Most municipalities were incorporated upon the division of the state of Durango into municipal units by the Constitución Política del Estado Libre de Durango on September 1, 1825, shortly after the state was admitted to the Union of Mexico.[6] The most recent municipality to incorporate is Nuevo Ideal which incorporated January 1, 1989.[6]


Municipalities

State capital State capital


Name Municipal seat Population
(2015)[1][7]
Population
(2010)[8]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Canatlán Ciudad Canatlán 32,852 31,401 +4.6% 3,499.56 1,351.19 9.4/km2 (24.3/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Canelas Canelas 4,683 4,122 +13.6% 894.41 345.33 5.2/km2 (13.6/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Coneto de Comonfort Coneto de Comonfort 4,390 4,530 −3.1% 1,076.71 415.72 4.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Cuencamé Cuencamé de Ceniceros 35,415 33,664 +5.2% 5,360.82 2,069.82 6.6/km2 (17.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
DurangoState capital Victoria de Durango 654,876 582,267 +12.5% 9,306.43 3,593.23 70.4/km2 (182.3/sq mi) September 1, 1825
El Oro Santa María del Oro 11,496 11,320 +1.6% 3,537.05 1,365.66 3.3/km2 (8.4/sq mi) September 1, 1825
General Simón Bolívar[a] General Simón Bolívar 10,110 10,629 −4.9% 2,193.97 847.10 4.6/km2 (11.9/sq mi) March 14, 1867
Gómez Palacio Gómez Palacio 342,286 327,985 +4.4% 844.07 325.90 405.5/km2 (1,050.3/sq mi) December 20, 1905
Guadalupe Victoria Ciudad Guadalupe Victoria 35,380 34,052 +3.9% 1,320.00 509.65 26.8/km2 (69.4/sq mi) April 1, 1936
Guanaceví Guanaceví 9,851 10,149 −2.9% 5,448.23 2,103.57 1.8/km2 (4.7/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Hidalgo[b] Villa Hidalgo 3,838 4,265 −10.0% 4,698.54 1,814.12 0.8/km2 (2.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Indé Indé 4,927 5,280 −6.7% 2,510.02 969.12 2.0/km2 (5.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Lerdo Ciudad Lerdo 153,311 141,043 +8.7% 2,152.00 830.89 71.2/km2 (184.5/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Mapimí Mapimí 26,502 25,137 +5.4% 7,744.60 2,990.21 3.4/km2 (8.9/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Mezquital Mezquital 39,288 33,396 +17.6% 8,393.79 3,240.86 4.7/km2 (12.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Nazas Nazas 12,957 12,411 +4.4% 2,392.35 923.69 5.4/km2 (14.0/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Nombre de Dios Nombre de Dios 19,694 18,488 +6.5% 1,188.60 458.92 16.6/km2 (42.9/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Nuevo Ideal Nuevo Ideal 27,278 26,092 +4.5% 1,855.56 716.44 14.7/km2 (38.1/sq mi) January 1, 1989
Ocampo[c] Villa Ocampo 9,567 9,626 −0.6% 3,650.61 1,409.51 2.6/km2 (6.8/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Otáez Otáez 5,385 5,208 +3.4% 1,713.58 661.62 3.1/km2 (8.1/sq mi) November 8, 1853
Pánuco de Coronado Francisco I. Madero 12,290 11,927 +3.0% 1,028.42 397.08 12.0/km2 (31.0/sq mi) November 21, 1847
Peñón Blanco Peñón Blanco 10,922 10,473 +4.3% 1,687.19 651.43 6.5/km2 (16.8/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Poanas Villa Unión 25,241 24,918 +1.3% 1,130.02 436.30 22.3/km2 (57.9/sq mi) November 21, 1847
Pueblo Nuevo El Salto 50,417 49,162 +2.6% 6,960.77 2,687.57 7.2/km2 (18.8/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Rodeo Rodeo 13,554 12,788 +6.0% 1,435.87 554.39 9.4/km2 (24.4/sq mi) February 1, 1859
San Bernardo San Bernardo 3,205 3,433 −6.6% 2,311.52 892.48 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi) September 1, 1825
San Dimas Tayoltita 19,383 19,691 −1.6% 5,495.44 2,121.80 3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
San Juan de Guadalupe San Juan de Guadalupe 5,564 5,947 −6.4% 2,414.87 932.39 2.3/km2 (6.0/sq mi) November 14, 1847
San Juan del Río San Juan del Río 12,747 11,855 +7.5% 1,402.41 541.47 9.1/km2 (23.5/sq mi) September 1, 1825
San Luis del Cordero San Luis del Cordero 2,077 2,181 −4.8% 605.98 233.97 3.4/km2 (8.9/sq mi) April 11, 1867
San Pedro del Gallo San Pedro del Gallo 1,478 1,709 −13.5% 1,800.49 695.17 0.8/km2 (2.1/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Santa Clara Santa Clara 7,089 7,003 +1.2% 987.43 381.25 7.2/km2 (18.6/sq mi) March 14, 1867
Santiago Papasquiaro Santiago Papasquiaro 48,482 44,966 +7.8% 6,416.25 2,477.33 7.6/km2 (19.6/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Súchil Súchil 6,343 6,761 −6.2% 1,471.77 568.25 4.3/km2 (11.2/sq mi) November 21, 1847
Tamazula Tamazula de Victoria 26,709 26,368 +1.3% 5,812.84 2,244.35 4.6/km2 (11.9/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Tepehuanes Santa Catarina de Tepehuanes 11,060 10,745 +2.9% 6,081.34 2,348.02 1.8/km2 (4.7/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Tlahualilo Tlahualilo de Zaragoza 22,895 22,244 +2.9% 4,750.33 1,834.11 4.8/km2 (12.5/sq mi) November 22, 1936
Topia Topia 9,351 8,581 +9.0% 1,630.96 629.72 5.7/km2 (14.8/sq mi) September 1, 1825
Vicente Guerrero Vicente Guerrero 21,861 21,117 +3.5% 370.56 143.08 59.0/km2 (152.8/sq mi) January 1, 1953
Durango 1,754,754 1,632,934 +7.5% 123,575.36 47,712.71 14.2/km2 (36.8/sq mi)
Mexico[12] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,605.81 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)


Notes

  1. ^ General Simón Bolívar was originally incorporated as San Bartolo, changing its name on June 9, 1938[9]
  2. ^ Hidalgo was originally incorporated as Cerro Gordo, changing its name on May 1, 1927[10]
  3. ^ Ocampo was originally incorporated as S. Miguel de las Bocas, changing its name on May 1, 1927[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cedulas de Informacion Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretara de Desarrollo Social. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
  6. ^ a b c Estado de Durango. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 76–91. ISBN 970-13-1495-6.
  7. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. ^ Estado de Durango. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 102. ISBN 970-13-1495-6.
  10. ^ Estado de Durango. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 80. ISBN 970-13-1495-6.
  11. ^ Estado de Durango. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 81–82. ISBN 970-13-1495-6.
  12. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
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