Municipalities of Guanajuato

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Map of Mexico with Guanajuato highlighted
Map of Mexico with Guanajuato highlighted

Guanajuato is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 46 municipalities.[1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Aguascalientes is the sixth most populous state with 5,853,677 inhabitants and the 22nd largest by land area spanning 30,691.61 square kilometres (11,850.10 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Guanajuato are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population in Guanajuato and third largest in Mexico is León, with 1,578,626 residents or approximately 27% of the state population.[1] The smallest municipality by population is Atarjea with 5,128 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is San Felipe which spans 3,014.92 km2 (1,164.07 sq mi), and the smallest is Pueblo Nuevo which spans 60.05 km2 (23.18 sq mi).[2]

Municipalities

State capital State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2015)[1][6]
Population
(2010)[7]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date[8]
km2 sq mi
Abasolo Abasolo 90,990 84,332 +7.9% 617.05 238.24 147.5/km2 (381.9/sq mi) January 14, 1870
Acámbaro Acámbaro 112,125 109,030 +2.8% 880.31 339.89 127.4/km2 (329.9/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Apaseo el Alto Apaseo el Alto 68,455 64,433 +6.2% 374.95 144.77 182.6/km2 (472.9/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Apaseo el Grande[a] Apaseo el Grande 92,605 85,319 +8.5% 421.60 162.78 219.7/km2 (568.9/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Atarjea Atarjea 5,128 5,610 −8.6% 314.93 121.59 16.3/km2 (42.2/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Celaya Celaya 494,304 468,469 +5.5% 554.62 214.14 891.2/km2 (2,308.3/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Comonfort[b] Comonfort 82,572 77,794 +6.1% 490.03 189.20 168.5/km2 (436.4/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Coroneo Coroneo 12,068 11,691 +3.2% 124.16 47.94 97.2/km2 (251.7/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Cortazar Cortazar 95,961 88,397 +8.6% 336.16 129.79 285.5/km2 (739.3/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Cuerámaro[c] Cuerámaro 28,320 27,308 +3.7% 261.05 100.79 108.5/km2 (281.0/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Doctor Mora[d] Doctor Mora 24,219 23,324 +3.8% 231.44 89.36 104.6/km2 (271.0/sq mi) September 22, 1935
Dolores Hidalgo, Cuna de la Independencia Nacional Dolores Hidalgo, Cuna de la Independencia Nacional 152,113 148,173 +2.7% 1,660.25 641.03 91.6/km2 (237.3/sq mi) April 14, 1826
GuanajuatoState capital Guanajuato 184,239 171,709 +7.3% 1,016.92 392.64 181.2/km2 (469.2/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Huanímaro Huanímaro 21,638 20,117 +7.6% 127.89 49.38 169.2/km2 (438.2/sq mi) December 20, 1891
Irapuato Irapuato 574,344 529,440 +8.5% 853.44 329.52 673.0/km2 (1,743.0/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Jaral del Progreso Jaral del Progreso 38,412 36,584 +5.0% 175.89 67.91 218.4/km2 (565.6/sq mi) July 1, 1913
Jerécuaro Jerécuaro 49,053 50,832 −3.5% 885.61 341.94 55.4/km2 (143.5/sq mi) July 18, 1827
León León 1,578,626 1,436,480 +9.9% 1,224.91 472.94 1,288.8/km2 (3,337.9/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Manuel Doblado Ciudad Manuel Doblado 38,832 37,145 +4.5% 822.14 317.43 47.2/km2 (122.3/sq mi)
Moroleón Moroleón 50,377 49,364 +2.1% 160.21 61.86 314.4/km2 (814.4/sq mi) July 13, 1877
Ocampo Ocampo 23,528 22,683 +3.7% 1,029.01 397.30 22.9/km2 (59.2/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Pénjamo Pénjamo 150,570 149,936 +0.4% 1,565.52 604.45 96.2/km2 (249.1/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Pueblo Nuevo Pueblo Nuevo 11,872 11,169 +6.3% 60.05 23.18 197.7/km2 (512.1/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Purísima del Rincón Purísima de Bustos 79,798 68,795 +16.0% 291.49 112.54 273.8/km2 (709.0/sq mi)
Romita Romita 59,879 56,655 +5.7% 441.94 170.63 135.5/km2 (350.9/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Salamanca Salamanca 273,271 260,732 +4.8% 757.73 292.56 360.6/km2 (934.1/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Salvatierra Salvatierra 100,391 97,054 +3.4% 594.58 229.57 168.8/km2 (437.3/sq mi) April 14, 1826
San Diego de la Unión San Diego de la Unión 39,668 37,103 +6.9% 1,015.81 392.21 39.1/km2 (101.1/sq mi)
San Felipe San Felipe 113,109 106,952 +5.8% 3,014.92 1,164.07 37.5/km2 (97.2/sq mi)
San Francisco del Rincón San Francisco del Rincón 119,510 113,570 +5.2% 426.56 164.69 280.2/km2 (725.6/sq mi)
San José Iturbide San José Iturbide 78,794 72,411 +8.8% 549.67 212.23 143.3/km2 (371.3/sq mi) December 3, 1849
San Luis de la Paz San Luis de la Paz 121,027 115,656 +4.6% 2,036.79 786.41 59.4/km2 (153.9/sq mi) April 14, 1826
San Miguel de Allende San Miguel de Allende 171,857 160,383 +7.2% 1,558.14 601.60 110.3/km2 (285.7/sq mi)
Santa Catarina Santa Catarina 5,261 5,120 +2.8% 195.30 75.40 26.9/km2 (69.8/sq mi)
Santa Cruz de Juventino Rosas Santa Cruz de Juventino Rosas 83,060 79,214 +4.9% 430.29 166.14 193.0/km2 (500.0/sq mi)
Santiago Maravatío Santiago Maravatío 6,824 6,670 +2.3% 83.86 32.38 81.4/km2 (210.8/sq mi)
Silao Silao 189,567 173,024 +9.6% 540.01 208.50 351.0/km2 (909.2/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Tarandacuao Tarandacuao 12,256 11,641 +5.3% 121.14 46.77 101.2/km2 (262.0/sq mi)
Tarimoro Tarimoro 34,263 35,571 −3.7% 335.18 129.42 102.2/km2 (264.8/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Tierra Blanca Tierra Blanca 18,960 18,175 +4.3% 410.48 158.49 46.2/km2 (119.6/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Uriangato Uriangato 62,761 59,305 +5.8% 116.68 45.05 537.9/km2 (1,393.2/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Valle de Santiago Valle de Santiago 142,672 141,058 +1.1% 821.98 317.37 173.6/km2 (449.5/sq mi) April 14, 1826
Victoria Victoria 20,166 19,820 +1.7% 1,050.19 405.48 19.2/km2 (49.7/sq mi) December 3, 1849
Villagrán Villagrán 58,830 55,782 +5.5% 128.85 49.75 456.6/km2 (1,182.5/sq mi) July 20, 1930
Xichú Xichú 11,639 11,560 +0.7% 913.65 352.76 12.7/km2 (33.0/sq mi) May 16, 1885
Yuriria Yuriria 69,763 70,782 −1.4% 668.25 258.01 104.4/km2 (270.4/sq mi)
Guanajuato 5,853,677 5,486,372 +6.7% 30,691.61 11,850.10 190.7/km2 (494.0/sq mi)
Mexico[13] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,605.81 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)

Notes

  1. ^ The municipality's name was changed from Apaseo on February 22, 1957 to avoid confusion with the neighboring municipality of Apaseo el Alto.[9]
  2. ^ The municipality's name was changed from Chamacuero on December 20, 1891.[10]
  3. ^ The municipality's name was changed from Cuerámaro de Degollado on July 7, 1968.[11]
  4. ^ The municipality's name was changed from Charcas on July 7, 1968.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cedulas de Informacion Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretara de Desarrollo Social. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
  6. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  7. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. ^ Estado de Guanajuato. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 75–82. ISBN 970-13-1491-3. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 4, 2018.
  9. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 89. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  10. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 93. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  11. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 95. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  12. ^ Estado de Coahuila. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 96. ISBN 978-970-13-1491-3.
  13. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
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