Municipalities of Mexico City

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Mexico City as a territorial and administrative unit is, alongside the 31 states of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of which Mexico consists. This entity was until 2016, the “Federal District” (Spanish: Distrito Federal), but since then the entity has simply been known as “Mexico City” (Spanish: Ciudad de México).

Despite the Mexico City federal entity containing the word “City”, it is not governed as a city but as a unit consisting of multiple municipalities; it contains both urban and rural areas; while much of the “city” i.e. the contiguous urban area of Greater Mexico City lies in another federal entity, the State of Mexico.

Mexico City is divided into sixteen municipalities. In Spanish they are, as territorial units, called demarcaciones territoriales but as units of government they are called alcaldías (lit. “area under control of a mayor (alcalde)”); these replaced the former “boroughs” (Spanish: delegaciones) and the powers of local government increased.[1].

Since 2000, residents of each borough/municipality have elected by plurality a “head of government” (Spanish: jefe de gobierno), which since 2016 is referred to as the "mayor" (Spanish: alcalde).

Municipalities are subdivided into neighborhoods (colonias in Spanish) and in some parts of southern Mexico City, also into towns and rural areas.[2]

Administrative divisions

Municipalities of Mexico City
MX-DF-División política.svg
Municipality Population (2005)[3] Population (2010)[4] Area (km²)[3]
Álvaro Obregón 706,567 727,034 96
Azcapotzalco 425,298 414,711 34
Benito Juárez 355,017 385,439 27
Coyoacán 628,063 620,416 54
Cuajimalpa de Morelos 173,625 186,391 71
Cuauhtémoc 521,348 531,831 33
Gustavo A. Madero 1,193,161 1,185,772 88
Iztacalco 395,025 384,326 23
Iztapalapa 1,820,888 1,815,786 113
Magdalena Contreras 228,927 239,086 64
Miguel Hidalgo 353,534 372,889 46
Milpa Alta 115,895 130,582 288
Tláhuac 344,106 360,265 86
Tlalpan 607,545 650,567 312
Venustiano Carranza 447,459 430,978 34
Xochimilco 404,458 415,007 118
Total 8,720,916 8,851,080 1,487

Politics

Municipalities of Mexico City
MX-DF-División política.svg
Municipality Mayor[5]
Álvaro Obregón PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg María Antonieta Hidalgo Torres
Azcapotzalco Independiente (Mexico).png Pablo Moctezuma Barragán
Benito Juárez PAN logo (Mexico).svg Christian von Roehrich
Coyoacán PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg Valentín Maldonado Salgado
Cuajimalpa PRI logo (Mexico).svg Miguel Ángel Salazar Martínez
Cuauhtémoc Logo MORENA.jpg Ricardo Monreal Ávila
Gustavo A. Madero PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg Víctor Hugo Lobo Román
Iztacalco PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg Carlos Enrique Estrada Meraz
Iztapalapa PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg Dione Anguiano
Magdalena Contreras PRI logo (Mexico).svg José Fernando Mercado Guaida
Miguel Hidalgo PAN logo (Mexico).svg Xóchitl Gálvez
Milpa Alta PRI logo (Mexico).svg Jorge Alvarado Galicia
Tláhuac Logo MORENA.jpg Rigoberto Salgado Vázquez
Tlalpan Logo MORENA.jpg Claudia Sheinbaum
Venustiano Carranza PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg Israel Moreno Rivera
Xochimilco Logo MORENA.jpg Avelino Méndez Rangel

Bordering municipalities

Mexico City as a whole is bordered directly by the following municipalities, going clockwise, starting from the west-southwest.

References

  1. ^ Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ https://www.forbes.com.mx/reforma-politica-el-adios-al-distrito-federal/
  3. ^ a b National Institute of Statistics and Geography (2005). "Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI official website. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  4. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine.
    Select Municipales (Municipal), then Descargar (Download).
  5. ^ Government of the Federal District (December 2009). "Borough Head" (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2009.

External links

  • Media related to Municipalities in Mexico City at Wikimedia Commons
  • Government of the Federal District — official website (Spanish) at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 2002-08-08)
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