North ministry

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North ministry
1770–1782
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg
Date formed 28 January 1770 (1770-01-28)
Date dissolved 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)
People and organisations
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord North
Total no. of ministers 33 appointments
Member parties
Status in legislature
Opposition party Rockingham Whigs
History
Election(s)
Legislature term(s)
Predecessor Grafton ministry
Successor Second Rockingham ministry

Lord North was appointed to lead the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain by George III from 1770 to 1782. His ministry oversaw the Falklands Crisis (1770), the Gordon Riots (1780) and the outbreak of the American War of Independence.[3]

Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
  Lord North* 28 January 1770 (1770-01-28) 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Tory
Lord Chancellor   The Earl Bathurst 23 January 1771 (1771-01-23) 3 June 1778 (1778-06-03) Tory
  The Lord Thurlow 3 June 1778 (1778-06-03) 7 April 1783 (1783-04-07) Tory
Lord President of the Council   The Earl Gower 22 December 1767 (1767-12-22) 24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) Tory
  The Earl Bathurst 24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Tory
Lord Privy Seal   The Earl of Halifax 26 February 1770 (1770-02-26) 22 January 1771 (1771-01-22) Tory
  The Earl of Suffolk 22 January 1771 (1771-01-22) 12 June 1771 (1771-06-12) Independent
  The Duke of Grafton 12 June 1771 (1771-06-12) 4 November 1775 (1775-11-04) Whig
  The Earl of Dartmouth 4 November 1775 (1775-11-04) 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Lord Steward   The Earl Talbot 1761 (1761) 27 April 1782 (1782-04-27) Independent
Lord Chamberlain   The Earl of Hertford 1766 (1766) 1782 (1782) Independent
Secretary of State for the Southern Department   The Viscount Weymouth 21 October 1768 (1768-10-21) 12 December 1770 (1770-12-12) Tory
  The Earl of Rochford 19 December 1770 (1770-12-19) 9 November 1775 (1775-11-09) Independent
  The Viscount Weymouth 9 November 1775 (1775-11-09) 24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) Tory
  The Earl of Hillsborough 24 November 1779 (1779-11-24) 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Secretary of State for the Northern Department   The Earl of Rochford 21 October 1768 (1768-10-21) 19 December 1770 (1770-12-19) Independent
  The Earl of Sandwich 19 December 1770 (1770-12-19) 12 January 1771 (1771-01-12) Whig
  The Earl of Halifax 22 January 1771 (1771-01-22) 6 June 1771 (1771-06-06) Tory
  The Earl of Suffolk 12 June 1771 (1771-06-12) 7 March 1779 (1779-03-07) Independent
  The Viscount Stormont 27 October 1779 (1779-10-27) 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) Independent
Secretary of State for the Colonies   The Earl of Hillsborough 27 February 1768 (1768-02-27) 27 August 1772 (1772-08-27) Independent
  The Earl of Dartmouth 27 August 1772 (1772-08-27) 10 November 1775 (1775-11-10) Independent
  Lord George Germain 10 November 1775 (1775-11-10) February 1782 (1782-02) Independent
  Welbore Ellis February 1782 (1782-02) 8 March 1782 (1782-03-08) Independent
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster   James Smith-Stanley 13 December 1762 (1762-12-13) 14 June 1771 (1771-06-14) Independent
  The Earl of Clarendon 14 June 1771 (1771-06-14) 17 April 1782 (1782-04-17) Whig
First Lord of the Admiralty   Sir Edward Hawke 1766 (1766) 1771 (1771) Independent
  The Earl of Sandwich 1771 (1771) 1782 (1782) Whig
Master-General of the Ordnance   The Viscount Townshend October 1772 (1772-10) March 1782 (1782-03) Independent
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland   The Viscount Townshend 19 August 1767 (1767-08-19) 29 October 1772 (1772-10-29) Independent
  The Earl Harcourt 29 October 1772 (1772-10-29) 7 December 1776 (1776-12-07) Independent
  The Earl of Buckinghamshire 7 December 1776 (1776-12-07) 29 November 1780 (1780-11-29) Independent
  The Earl of Carlisle 29 November 1780 (1780-11-29) 8 April 1782 (1782-04-08) Independent

Notes

  1. ^ Volo 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas 1991, pp. 2–4.
  3. ^ Whiteley 1996.

References

  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (28 February 1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
  • Thomas, Peter David Garner (1991). Tea Party to Independence: The Third Phase of the American Revolution, 1773–1776. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820142-7.
  • Volo, James M. (19 July 2012). "Tories and Whigs". The Boston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution: The Foundations of Revolution. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39875-9.
  • Whiteley, Peter (1 July 1996). "Introduction". Lord North: The Prime Minister Who Lost America. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8264-3493-7.

External links

  • Bloy, Marjorie (12 January 2016). "The Ministry of Lord North: January 1770 – March 1782". A Web of English History. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
Preceded by
Grafton ministry
Government of Great Britain
1770–1782
Succeeded by
Second Rockingham ministry
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