Philippa of Guelders

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Philippa of Guelders
CORD-Gisant Philippe Gueldre.jpg
Effigy of Philippa
Duchess of Lorraine
Tenure 1 September 1485 – 10 December 1508
Born 1462
Brabant
Died 28 February 1547(1547-02-28) (aged 79)
Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson
Burial
Cordeliers Convent, Nancy
Spouse René II, Duke of Lorraine
Issue
Among others...
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Claude, Duke of Guise
John, Cardinal of Lorraine
Louis, Count of Vaudémont
House House of Egmond
Father Adolf of Egmond
Mother Catharine of Bourbon
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philippa of Guelders (French: Philippe de Gueldres[1]) (9 November 1467 – 28 February 1547), was a Duchess consort of Lorraine. She served as regent of Lorraine during the absence of her son.

Life

Philippa was born in Brabant in 1462,[2] the daughter of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon.[3] She was the twin of Charles, Duke of Guelders; they were born at Grave, Netherlands, and were their parents' only children. To strengthen the ties between the Kingdom of France and the Duchy of Lorraine, she was chosen as the bride of René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508).[3] The marriage took place in Orléans on 1 September 1485.

After the death of her spouse in 1508, Philippa tried to assume the regency of the duchy in the name of her son Anthony, who was 19 years old, but it was decided that he was old enough to reign alone. However, when Duke Anthony left to serve in the French campaign in Italy in 1509, he appointed his mother Philippa to serve as regent in Lorraine during his absence. Her regency has been regarded as a wise one.

On 13 June 1509 she redeemed the lordship of Mayenne from Margaret of Vaudémont, Duchess of Alençon. She retired to the convent Clarisse to Pont-à-Mousson on 15 December 1519 where she remained until her death.[2] She was still a dominant figure in her family and often visited by her relatives, who treated her with great respect, and she maintained a reputation of piety and popularity with the public.

While at the convent Philippa commanded that a magnificent altarpiece be built for the congregation, it remained there until her death. She died at the Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson on 28 February 1547, aged seventy nine.[2] She had twelve children, ten of which predeceased her.

Family crypt

In 1528, Philippa's son Louis died of plague in 1528.[4] His heart was placed in a casket beneath the sepulchre and covered with a black velvet shroud with the arms of Lorraine, at the Convent of Pont-à-Mousson.[4] When Philippa died in 1547, she was buried at the convent.[4] In 1576, her Protestant cousin Louis, Prince of Condé, sheltered the convent from his troops.[4]


Children

Philippa and René had the following children:

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Denis 1911, p. 424.
  2. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 24.
  3. ^ a b Hanawalt & Reyerson 1994, p. 240.
  4. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 34.
  5. ^ a b c d Carroll 2011, p. 310.

Sources

  • Carroll, Stuart (2011). Martyrs and Murderers: The Guise Family and the Making of Europe. Oxford University Press.
  • Denis, Paul (1911). Ligier Richier: l'artiste et son œuvre. Berger-Levrault.
  • Hanawalt, Barbara; Reyerson, Kathryn, eds. (1994). City and Spectacle in Medieval Europe. 6. University of Minnesota Press.


Philippa of Guelders
Born: 9 November 1467 Died: 28 February 1547
Preceded by
Joan, Countess of Tancarville
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1485–1508
Succeeded by
Renée of Bourbon
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