From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


English-English and English-Persian dictionaries

A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc. or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, sometimes known as a lexicon. It is a lexicographical reference that shows inter-relationships among the data.

A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries. Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study. In theory, general dictionaries are supposed to be semasiological, mapping word to definition, while specialized dictionaries are supposed to be onomasiological, first identifying concepts and then establishing the terms used to designate them. In practice, the two approaches are used for both types. There are other types of dictionaries that do not fit neatly into the above distinction, for instance bilingual (translation) dictionaries, dictionaries of synonyms (thesauri), and rhyming dictionaries. The word dictionary (unqualified) is usually understood to refer to a general purpose monolingual dictionary.

Selected general articles

Did you know...

  • ... that the Samec'niero, written by Iase Tushi, contains one of the earliest examples of a GeorgianPersian dictionary, and is the earliest Georgian manuscript so far discovered in Iran?
  • ... that Narmakosh, compiled by Narmad, is the first monolingual dictionary of the Gujarati language?
  • ... that in August 2015, the term "social justice warrior" was one of several new words and phrases added to Oxford Dictionaries?

Need help?

Do you have a question about Dictionaries that you can't find the answer to?

Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk.

Selected images



Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources



Purge server cache

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Dictionaries&oldid=882032344"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Dictionaries
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Dictionaries"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA